General Articles

Who is a Shaheed?

 

The Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam said:[1]

الشَّهَادَةُ سَبْعٌ سِوَى الْقَتْلِ فِيْ سَبِيْلِ اللهِ الْمَطْعُوْنُ شَهِيْدٌ وَالْغَرِقُ شَهِيْدٌ وَصَاحِبُ ذَاتِ الْجَنْبِ شَهِيْدٌ وَالْمَبْطُوْنُ شَهِيْدٌ وَصَاحِبُ الْحَرِيْقِ شَهِيْدٌ وَالَّذِيْ يَمُوْتُ تَحْتَ الْهَدَمِ شَهِيْدٌ وَالْمَرْأَةُ تَمُوْتُ بِجُمَعٍ شَهِيْدٌ 

“Martyrdom is of seven types besides being killed for the sake of Allah. The one who dies of the plague is a martyr, the one who drowns is a martyr, the one dies of ‘Dhātul-Janb’ is a martyr, the ‘Mabṭūn’ is a martyr, the one who is burned to death is a martyr, the one who is crushed by a falling building is a martyr, and the woman who dies in pregnancy is a martyr

[Abu-Dawood 3/188 Maktaba Al-Asriyya]

Allamah Abdul Hay Al Lacknawi [Rahimahullah] has stated that the following individuals shall be granted the status of martydom:[2]

1) The one who dies in a noble war,

2) The one who dies during a plague,

3) The one who dies of an internal disease,

4) The one who drowns,

5) The one who dies of pleurisy,

6) The one who dies due to a fire,

7) The woman who dies during pregnancy,

8) The one who is crushed to death,

9) The one had a great desire to die as a martyr,

10) The one who dies of tuberculosis,

11) The one who dies as a traveller,

12) The one who dies due to a venomous sting,

13) The one who dies due to floods,

14) The one who is devoured by an animal,

15) The one who falls from his horse/vehicle,

16) The one dies from a fall,

17) The one who dies upon his bed after leaving for a noble war,

18) The one who dies defending his faith,

19) The one who dies defending himself,

20) The one who dies defending his family,       

21) The one who is killed unjustly,

22) The one who dies in a prison after being imprisoned unjustly,

23) The one who is infatuated with someone else but maintains his/her chastity,

24) The one who dies whilst seeking knowledge,

25) The one who dies during pregnancy, or whilst giving birth, or during the breast-feeding period,

26) The one who patiently remains in a city which has been infected by a plague,

27) The one who prepared for a noble war,

28) The one who killed by a tyrant after commanding the tyrant to refrain from evil,

29) The one who bears patience with his wife’s sensitive nature,

30) The one who recites the following 25 times daily:

اللهم بارك لي في الموت وفيما بعد الموت

Translation: “Oh Allah, bless me in death and that which is to come after death”

Transliteration: “Allahumma Barik Li Fil Mawt Wa Fima Ba’dal Mawt”

31) The one who performs Salah Al Duha, fasts three days every month, and does not miss his witr Salah whilst at home or whilst travelling,

32) The one who follows the Sunnah of the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam during times of decadence,

33) The businessman who is trustworthy and honest,        

34) The one who, during his final illness, recites the following forty times:

لا إله إلا أنت سبحانك إني كنت من الظالمين

Translation: “There is no one worthy of worship besides You, You are free from all defects, [My lord forgive me for] Indeed I was from amongst the oppressors”

Transliteration: “La Ilaha Illa Anta Subhanaka Inni Kuntu Min Al Zalimeen”

35) The one who provides food for the people of a city,

36) The one who calls to Salah (Mu’adhin) with the hope of reward,

37) The one who looks after his wife and family, commands them to obey Allah, and provides them with a halal sustenance,

38) The one who sends salutations upon the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam one-hundred times

39) The one who recites the following every morning and every evening:

اللهم إني أشهد أنك أنت الله الذي لا إله إلا أنت وحدك لا شريك لك وأن محمدا عبدك ورسولك أبوء بنعمتك علي وأبوء بذنبي فاغفر لي إنه لا يغفر الذنوب غيرك

Translation:

Oh Allah! I bear testimony that you are the only Allah, there is no lord besides you alone, you have no partners and Muhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi Wa-Sallam] is your slave and your messenger. I confess of your bounties upon me and I confess of my sins. Forgive me. Verily, no one forgives sins besides you.

Transliteration:

Allahumma Inni Ashhadu Annaka Antallah Allathi Lailaha Illa Anta Wahdaka La Sharika Laka Wa Anna Muhammadan Abduka Warasuluk Abuu Biniamatika Alayya Wa Abuu Bithambi Fagfir Li Innahu La Yagfiru Athunuba Gayrak

40) The one who recites the following three times every morning:

أعوذ بالله السميع العليم من الشيطن الرجيم

Translation:

I seek refuge from Allah, the most hearing, the all-knowing, from the accursed shaitan

Transliteration:

Authu Billahis Sameel Aleem Minas Shaytanir Rajeem

And then recites the following verses:

هُوَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِى لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ‌ۖ عَـٰلِمُ ٱلۡغَيۡبِ وَٱلشَّهَـٰدَةِ‌ۖ هُوَ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ (٢٢) هُوَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِى لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ٱلۡمَلِكُ ٱلۡقُدُّوسُ ٱلسَّلَـٰمُ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُ ٱلۡمُهَيۡمِنُ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡجَبَّارُ ٱلۡمُتَڪَبِّرُ‌ۚ سُبۡحَـٰنَ ٱللَّهِ عَمَّا يُشۡرِڪُونَ (٢٣) هُوَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡخَـٰلِقُ ٱلۡبَارِئُ ٱلۡمُصَوِّرُ‌ۖ لَهُ ٱلۡأَسۡمَآءُ ٱلۡحُسۡنَىٰ‌ۚ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ ۥ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۖ وَهُوَ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡحَكِيمُ (٢٤)

Translation:

He is Allah, than Whom there is no other God, the Knower of the Invisible and the Visible. He is the Beneficent, Merciful. (22) He is Allah, than Whom there is no other God, the Sovereign Lord, the Holy One, Peace, the Keeper of Faith, the Guardian, the Majestic, the Compeller, the Superb. Glorified be Allah from all that they ascribe as partner (unto Him). (23) He is Allah, the Creator, the Shaper out of naught, the Fashioner. His are the most beautiful names. All that is in the heavens and the earth glorifieth Him, and He is the Mighty, the Wise. (24)

41) The one who dies on the day of Jumu’ah,

42) The one who dies with the hope of gaining martyrdom.

These are forty-two individuals listed by Allamah Lucknawi Rahimahullah. Other scholars have added more individuals to this list.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Ridwaan Ibn Khalid Esmail [Kasak]

Student Darul Iftaa

Katete, Zambia


Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



[1] سنن أبي داود (3/ 188)

حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَتِيكٍ، عَنْ عَتِيكِ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَتِيكٍ، وَهُوَ جَدُّ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ أَبُو أُمِّهِ، أَنَّهُ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ عَمَّهُ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَتِيكٍ، أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ جَاءَ يَعُودُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ ثَابِتٍ، فَوَجَدَهُ قَدْ غُلِبَ، فَصَاحَ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَلَمْ يُجِبْهُ فَاسْتَرْجَعَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، وَقَالَ: غُلِبْنَا عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا الرَّبِيعِ، فَصَاحَ النِّسْوَةُ، وَبَكَيْنَ فَجَعَلَ ابْنُ عَتِيكٍ يُسَكِّتُهُنَّ، فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «دَعْهُنَّ، فَإِذَا وَجَبَ فَلَا تَبْكِيَنَّ بَاكِيَةٌ» قَالُوا: وَمَا الْوُجُوبُ؟ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، قَالَ: «الْمَوْتُ» قَالَتِ ابْنَتُهُ: وَاللَّهِ إِنْ كُنْتُ لَأَرْجُو أَنْ [ص:189] تَكُونَ شَهِيدًا، فَإِنَّكَ كُنْتَ قَدْ قَضَيْتَ جِهَازَكَ، قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ قَدْ أَوْقَعَ أَجْرَهُ عَلَى قَدْرِ نِيَّتِهِ، وَمَا تَعُدُّونَ الشَّهَادَةَ؟» قَالُوا: الْقَتْلُ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى، قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: " الشَّهَادَةُ سَبْعٌ سِوَى الْقَتْلِ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ: الْمَطْعُونُ شَهِيدٌ، وَالْغَرِقُ شَهِيدٌ، وَصَاحِبُ ذَاتِ الْجَنْبِ شَهِيدٌ، وَالْمَبْطُونُ شَهِيدٌ، وَصَاحِبُ الْحَرِيقِ شَهِيدٌ، وَالَّذِي يَمُوتُ تَحْتَ الْهَدْمِ شَهِيدٌ، وَالْمَرْأَةُ تَمُوتُ بِجُمْعٍ شَهِيدٌ

الناشر: المكتبة العصرية، صيدا - بيروت "

[2] إتحاف النبلاء بفضل الشهادة وأنواع الشهداء لعبد الله الغماري (42-43) عالم الكتب

 

وأما إذا ورد في كون عامل عملٍ خاصٍ شهيدا فليس المراد بأن العمل جهاد: قال العلامة عبد الحي اللكنوي رحمه الله في "التعليق الممجد":

"قد ورد في الأخبار عدد كثير لمن يجد ثواب الشهادة فمن ذلك المقاتل المجاهد وهو أعلى الشهداء والمطعون والمبطون والغريق وصاحب ذات الجنب والحريق والتي تموت بجمع والذي يموت بهدم ومن يقصد الشهادة ويعزم عليه ولا يتفق له ذلك كما هو ثابت في حديثي الباب وصاحب السيل أخرجه أحمد من حديث راشد بن حبيش والطبراني من حديث سلمان والغريب أي المسافر بأي مرض مات أخرجه ابن ماجه من حديث ابن عباس والبيهقي في "الشعب" من حديث أبي هريرة والدارقطني من حديث ابن عمر والصابوني في "المائتين" من حديث جابر والطبراني من حديث عنزة أخرجه الديلمي من حديث أنس وللديغ والشريق والذي يفترسه السبع والخار عن دابته رواها الطبراني من حديث ابن عباس والمتردي أخرجه الطبراني من حديث ابن مسعود والميت على فراشه في سبيل الله رواه مسلم من حديث أبي هريرة والمقتول دون ماله والمقتول دون دينه والمقتول دون دمه والمقتول دون أهله أخرجه أصحاب السنن من حديث سعيد بن زيد أو دون مظلمته أخرجه أحمد من حديث ابن عباس والميت في السجن وقد حبس ظلما رواه ابن مندة من حديث علي والميت عشقا وقد عف وكتم أخرجه الديلمي من حديث ابن عباس والميت وهو طالب العلم أخرجه البزار من حديث أبي ذر وأبي هريرة والمرأة في حملها إلى وضعها إلى فصالها ماتت بين ذلك أخرجه أبو نعيم من حديث ابن عمر والصابر القائم ببلد وقع به الطاعون أخرجه أحمد من حديث جابر والمرابط في سبيل الله ومن قتل بأمره الإمام الجائر بالمعروف ونهيه عن المنكر ومن صبر من النساء على الغيرة أخرجه البزار والطبراني من حديث ابن مسعود ومن قال كل يوم خمسا وعشرين مرة "اللهم بارك لي في الموت وفيما بعد الموت" أخرجه الطبراني  من حديث عائشة ومن صلى الضحى وصام ثلاثة أيام من الشهر ولم يترك الوتر في سفر ولا حضر أخرجه الطبراني من حديث ابن عمر والمتمسك بالسنة عند فساد الأمة أخرجه الطبراني من حديث أبي هريرة والتاجر الأمين الصدوق أخرجه الحاكم من حديث ابن عمر ومن دعا في مرضه أربعين مرة "لا إله إلا أنت سبحانك إني كنت من الظالمين" ثم مات أخرجه الحاكم من حديث سعد وجالب طعام إلى بلد أخرجه الديلمي من حديث ابن مسعود والمؤذن المحتسب أخرجه الطبراني من حديث ابن عمر ومن سعى على امرأته أو ما ملكت يمينه يقيم فيهم أمر الله ويطعمهم من حلال ومن اغتسل بالثلج فأصابه برد ومن صلى على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم مائة مرة أخرج الأول ابن أبي شيبة في "المصنف" عن الحسن والثاني الطبراني في "الأوسط" من حديث أنس ومن قال حين يصبح وحين يمسي "اللهم إني أشهدك أنك أنت الله الذي لا إله إلا أنت وحدك لا شريك لك وأن محمدا عبدك ورسولك أبوء بنعمتك علي وأبوء بذنبي فاغفر لي إنه لا يغفر الذنوب غيرك" أخرجه الأصبهاني من حديث حذيفةومن قال حين يصبح ثلاث مرات "أعوذ بالله السميع العليم من الشيطان الرجيم ويقرأ ثلاث أيات من سورة الحشر أخرجه الترمذي من حديث معقل ومن مات يوم الجمعة أخرجه حميد بن منجويه من حديث رجل من الصحابة ومن طلب الشهادة صادقا أخرجه مسلم فهذه خمسة وأربعون ورد فيهم أن لهم أجر الشهداء وقد ساق الأخبار الواردة فيها  السوطي في رسالته "أبواب السعادة في أسباب الشهادة" مع زيادة

التعليق الممجد لللكهنوي ت1304ه (89-91) دار السنة والسيرة | دار القلم

 

 

It goes without saying that women temptation is one of the most dangerous trials that confront Muslims; rather it is the most dangerous one. This is shown in the Hadith narrated by Usamah ibn Zaid, may Allah be pleased with him. He said that the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, has said, 
 
“After me I have not left any affliction more harmful to men than women.” [Reported by Bukhari]
 
«ما تركت بعدي فتنة أضر على الرجال من النساء» رواه البخاري
 
Nowadays, the temptation of women has become more potent, dangerous, and rampant. It has seized the hearts of the heedless and tampered with the minds of the astray. It has depraved the best of Muslim youth, ruined their piety, spoiled their reputation and made them of no benefit. It has caused them to roam the roads here and there searching for vice and seeking for depravity in the market places at all times. They may have held journeys and parties and endured time and effort to wrongly gratify their unbridled lusts and satisfy their lowly whims. Thus they will be overthrown to their own ruin.

Undoubtedly, the affliction of women is the spark of the corruption of the community. It is the cause of vice and lewdness, the root of evil and vileness, and the source of calamity and disaster. Abu Sa’id al-Khudary, may Allah be pleased with him, narrated that the Prophet, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, has said, “This worldly life is sweet and green (alluring) and verily Allah has installed you as vicegerent in it in order to see how you would act. So avoid the allurement of this worldly life and avoid the allurement of women: verily, the first trial for children of Israel was caused by women.” [Reported by Muslim]
 
«إن الدنيا حلوة خضرة. وإن الله مستخلفكم فيها. فينظر كيف تعملون. فاتقوا الدنيا واتقوا النساء. فإن أول فتنة بني إسرائيل كانت في النساء. وفي حديث بشار: لينظر كيف تعملون» رواه مسلم

The woman temptation is more dangerous than the man’s because a woman has some alluring means that attract men with a look or a word. With a mere sight or a word a woman is able to provoke man’s lust, excite his drive, and increase his longing toward her. This is a human nature Allah has planted in people’s hearts as an examination and trial for them. Whoever is patient will be rewarded, and whoever is driven by evil will be punished accordingly.

Because of his mercy, Allah has guided his servants to how they could avoid this temptation, and has clarified for them the means of protection and cure. The Almighty says,
 
{And let those who find not the financial means for marriage keep themselves chaste, until Allâh enriches them of His Bounty.} [Surat An-Nûr 24:33]
 
{وَلْيَسْتَعْفِفِ الَّذِينَ لَا يَجِدُونَ نِكَاحًا حَتَّىٰ يُغْنِيَهُمُ اللَّـهُ مِن فَضْلِهِ} النور: 33
 
Transliteration:WalyastaAAfifi allatheena la yajidoona nikahan hatta yughniyahumu Allahu min fadlihi 
 
In this verse Allah has declared that chastity is the way to avoid this dark trial. But how can we obtain chastity? And what are its benefits? 
 

The Manifestations of Chastity

There are many manifestations of chastity. For you, O my Muslim brother, here are some of them:
 

1- Avoiding adultery: 
 
This is great evil and a disease that strikes honors and breaks families, so all the divine laws have agreed on its prohibition and condemnation. On the same line, the proper thinking and pure instinct find it repugnant and abhorrent. Allah, Glorified and Exalted, says, 
 
{And come not near to unlawful sex. Verily, it is a Fâhishah (i.e. anything that transgresses its limits: a great sin), and an evil way (that leads one to Hell unless Allâh forgives him).} [Surat Al-Isrâ’ 17:32] 
 
{وَلا تَقْرَبُوا الزِّنَا إِنَّهُ كَانَ فَاحِشَةً وَسَاءَ سَبِيلا} الإسراء: 32
 
Transliteration:Wala taqraboo alzzina innahu kana fahishatan wasaa sabeelan
 
So avoiding adultery is obligatory due to its harm of people, money and the whole community. 

Hence, pay attention - May Allah protect you - to this maxim that refers to avoiding the causes of lewdness and adultery because avoiding them at first is easier than giving them up after indulging in them. Never belittle its initial causes as Allah, Glorified and Exalted, says, 
 
{O you who believe! Follow not the footsteps of Shaitân (Satan). And whosoever follows the footsteps of Shaitân (Satan), then, verily he commands Al-Fahshâ’ [i.e. to commit indecency (illegal sexual intercourse)], and Al-Munkar [disbelief and polytheism (i.e. to do evil and wicked deeds; and to speak or to do what is forbidden in Islâm)]. } [Surat An-Nûr 24:21] 
 
 {يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ وَمَنْ يَتَّبِعْ خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَإِنَّهُ يَأْمُرُ بِالْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ} النُّور: 21
 
Transliteration: Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo latattabiAAoo khutuwati alshshaytani waman yattabiAA khutuwati alshshaytani fainnahu yamuru bialfahshai waalmunkari 
 
And ponder on Allah’s saying, {And come not near to unlawful sex.} [Surat Al-Isrâ’ 17:32] 
 
 {وَلا تَقْرَبُوا الزِّنَا} الإسراء: 32
 
Transliteration:Wala taqraboo alzzina
 
He has commanded not to come near adultery because approaching it is a means and a rout to indulge in it. O slave of Allah! Remember that adultery is a gross violation of the prohibitions that Allah prescribed. ‘Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, narrated that the Prophet, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, has said in the sermon of the eclipse prayer, “O followers of Muhammad! By Allah! There is none more jealous (“Jealous” here means that none is more hatful to sin, and none wants to prevent its occurrence than Allah.) than Allah that his slaves, male or female commit adultery. O followers of Muhammad! By Allah, if you knew what I know you would laugh little and weep much.” 
He then raised his hand and said, “O Allah, I have delivered the message.” [Reported by Muslim]
 
«يا أمَّة محمَّد، ما أحد أغير من الله أن يرى عبده أو أمته تزني، يا أمَّة محمَّد ، لو تعلمون ما أعلم، لضحكتم قليلًا ولبكيتم كثيرًا» ثمَّ رفع يديه فقال : «اللهمَّ هل بلغت» رواه مسلم 
 
The Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, has negated that who committed zina (adultery) had (complete) belief in his heart. He has said, “The moment the adulterer commits zina, he is not a (perfect) believer, and the moment the thief steals, he is not a (perfect) believer.” [Agreed upon]
 
 «لا يزني الزَّاني حين يزني وهو مؤمنٌ، ولا يسرق السَّارق حين يسرق وهو مؤمنٌ» متفقٌ عليه 

Real chastity is fulfilled when one avoids zina in addition to its causes. I ask Allah to preserve me and the Muslim youth from all of that.

2- Lowering the Gaze:
 
Unlawful gaze is one of Satan’s arrows. If one does not control it at once, it will cause him to stick more in the mire of lust. It sneaks to the heart, tampers with it, and moves one’s desire and lust. It will cause him to picture overheated imaginations, and excite the incentive of indulging in evil until sickens the heart and weakens the body. It makes one a slave of his gaze and a prisoner of his desire. He may hesitate between good and evil, but finally he will indulge in lewdness and vileness to satisfy his burning desire. This is why Allah, the Almighty, has combined between lowering the gaze and protecting the private parts. Allah, Glorified and Exalted, says, 
 
{Tell the believing men to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts). That is purer for them. Verily, Allâh is All-Aware of what they do. (30) And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts)} [Surat An-Nûr 24:30-31] 
 
{قُلْ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَغُضُّوا مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِمْ وَيَحْفَظُوا فُرُوجَهُمْ ذَلِكَ أَزْكَى لَهُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا يَصْنَعُونَ (30) وَقُلْ لِلْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَغْضُضْنَ مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِنَّ وَيَحْفَظْنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ} النُّور: 30-31
 
Transliteration:Qul lilmumineena yaghuddoo min absarihum wayahfathoo furoojahumthalika azka lahum inna Allaha khabeerun bimayasnaAAoona (30) Waqul lilmuminati yaghdudna min absarihinna wayahfathna furoojahunna  
 
 

3- Avoiding shaking women’s hands:

Touching women provokes lusts, rouses dark thoughts, and inclines the hearts to intermingling with women. It is contradictory to chastity and calls for lewdness and depravity. This is shown in the words of the Prophet, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, “The adultery of the hand is the (unlawful) touch.” [Reported by Muslim]
 
«واليد زناها البطش» رواه مسلم 
 
and his saying “I do not touch women’s hands.” [Authenticated by Albani]
 
«لا أمس أيدي النِّساء» صحَّحه الألباني
 
and ‘Aisha’s saying “The Prophet, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, has never touched a woman’s hand except for his wives and slaves.” [Reported by Bukhari]
 
«وما مسَّت يد رسول الله -صلَّى الله عليه وسلَّم- يد امرأة إلا امرأةً يملكها» رواه البخاري
 
The chaste one is he who avoids the doubtful matters and puts a barrier between him and prohibitions as chastity will protect him from tragic demise.
 

4- Avoiding unlawful privacy:

Privacy with a non-mahram woman (whom is lawful for one to marry now or then) is explicitly prohibited. Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him and his father, said that he heard the Prophet, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, saying in a sermon, 
 
“Do not be in privacy with a woman except in the attendance of a Mahram.” [Reported by Muslim]
 
 «لا يخلون رجلٌ بامرأةٍ إلا ومعها ذو محرم» رواه مسلم
 
As a matter of fact, privacy is a cause of depravity and a source of committing zina. The soul becomes weaker when it is out of the sight of people, and it becomes more difficult to struggle the dark thoughts than if one finds others to advise and deter him. The Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, has said, “Verily, if anyone is in attendance with a woman in privacy, Satan will be their third attendee”[Reported by Tirmidhi and authenticated by Albani]
 
«ألا لا يخلون رجلٌ بامرأةٍ إلا كان ثالثهما الشَّيطان» رواه التِّرمذي وصحَّحه الألباني 

The meeting of a man with a non-Mahram woman in privacy is unanimously prohibited as mentioned by more than a scholar such as an-Nawawi and ibn Hajar al-’Asqilani; regardless of being her husband’s brother, cousin or some such relative. However, it is more dangerous for a woman to be in privacy with such relatives than to be with others. `Uqbah bin `Amir (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, has said, “Never enter a place in which (non-mahram) women are (alone)’’ A man from al-Ansar said, “Oh Messenger of Allah! What about Al-Hamu (the in-laws of the wife (the brothers of her husband or his nephews etc.))?’’ He replied, “The in-laws of the wife are (the same as) death itself.’’ [Agreed upon]
 
«إيَّاكم والدُّخول على النِّساء، فقال رجل من الأنصار: يا رسول الله، أفرأيت الحمو؟ قال: الحمو الموت» متفقٌ عليه 
 
An-Nawawi said, “If there is a child of whom no one may be ashamed of; for example a two or three year old with man and woman in privacy, it will make no difference in the privacy prohibition. It is also the same if there is more than a man with a woman.”

So be cautious, dear brother, of this disgraceful sin and do not belittle it in your heart. Remember how many people tasted its poison and underwent its vileness. They disparaged it until they fell in its trap! Remember that Allah, the Glorified the Exalted, has prohibited it by his saying {And come not near to unlawful sex.} [Surat Al-Isrâ’ 17:32]
 
 {وَلا تَقْرَبُوا الزِّنَا} الإسراء: 32
 
Transliteration:Wala taqraboo alzzina
 
Bear in mind that whoever meets a woman in privacy is on the verge of committing adultery and on losing his chastity, purity and honor.
 

Wife is not safe without you even with your soul fellow
Although he may be trusted at least a glance may be casted
 

5- Keeping away from the causes of temptation:

One of the manifestations of chastity is to flee from the causes of vileness and lewdness. It is well known that the causes of temptation have become abundant in the present times; they have left no corner but inhabited it, no cave but entered it and no way but trod over it. They include the seductive songs, obscene movies, and pornographic photos. However, the Muslim is wise and intelligent enough to realize the consequences of such things.

Dear brother, seek help from Allah. He has vowed to guide and stand by, whoever strives for Him. Allah has said {As for those who strive hard in Us (Our Cause), We will surely guide them to Our Paths (i.e. Allâh’s religion - Islâmic Monotheism). And verily, Allâh is with the Muhsinûn (good doers).”} [Surat Al-’Ankabût 29:69] 
 
 {وَالَّذِينَ جَاهَدُوا فِينَا لَنَهْدِيَنَّهُمْ سُبُلَنَا وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمَعَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ} العنكبوت: 69
 
Transliteration:Waallatheena jahadoo feenalanahdiyannahum subulana wainna Allaha lamaAAa almuhsineena
 
Notice that your chastity is a guardian by which Allah draws a veil over your family and relatives and guards them as you have guarded others honors. The Almighty says {Is there any reward for good other than good?} [Surat Ar-Rahmân 55:60] 
 
 {هَلْ جَزَاءُ الإِحْسَانِ إِلا الإِحْسَانُ} الرَّحمن: 60
 
Transliteration:Hal jazao alihsani illa alihsanu
 

From every vice you refrain likewise, your wife will abstain 
If by you others’ honor violated forever you will be degraded 
If you were respectable you would respect inviolable
Consider your if you fornicate revenge will be taken in your flat
If to fornicate you pay a lot your wife may fornicate for naught
 

The Benefits of Chastity

If the preserving of honor were the only benefit of chastity it would be quite enough, then, what about many other benefits that lead to exaltation in this worldly life and in the Hereafter! Such as:

-Obtaining the great reward: Allah will give His shade to the chaste youth at the time there would be no shade other than His. Abu Huraira, may Allah be pleased with him, reported that the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, has said, 
 
“Allah will give His shade to seven people on the Day when there would be no shade other than His. A just ruler; a youth who has been brought up in the worship of Allah (i.e. worships Allah sincerely from childhood), a man whose heart is attached to the mosques (i.e. to pray the compulsory prayers in the mosque in congregation), two persons who love each other only for Allah’s sake and they meet and part in Allah’s cause only, a man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth for illicit intercourse with her and says, ‘I am afraid of Allah’, a man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given (i.e. nobody knows how much he has given in charity), and a person who remembers Allah in seclusion and his eyes are then flooded with tears.” [Agreed upon]
 
«سبعةٌ يظلهم الله -تعالى- في ظلِّه يوم لا ظلَّ إلا ظلُّه: إمامُ عدلٌ، وشابٌّ نشأ في عبادة الله، ورجل ٌقلبه معلقٌ في المساجد، ورجلان تحابا في الله، اجتمعا عليه وتفرقا عليه، ورجلٌ دعته امرأة ذات منصبٍ وجمالٍ، فقال : إنِّي أخاف الله، ورجلٌ تصدق بصدقةٍ، فأخفاها حتَّى لا تعلم شماله ما تنفق يمينه، ورجلٌ ذكر الله خاليا ففاضت عيناه» متفقٌ عليه 

Sahl ibn Sa’d as-Sâ’di, may Allah be pleased with him, reported that the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, has said, “Whosoever gives me a guarantee to safeguard what is between his jaws and what is between his legs, I shall guarantee Paradise for him.’’ [Reported by Bukhari]
 
 «من يضمن لي ما بين لحييه وما بين رجليه أضمن له الجنَّة»رواه البخاري

Is there any reward, enjoyment, or delight better than this! Is there any comparison between the pleasure of illicit intercourse, which quickly ends, with the permanent pleasure and delight of Paradise! Not to mention the sorrow and remorse of illegitimate pleasure in this worldly life and the Hereafter.

- Obtaining honor and exaltation in this worldly life: The chaste young person is more beloved, respected, trusted, and elevated than his peers for nothing but his chastity and his shyness from Allah. Therefore, Allah grants him dignity and brightness; He makes people love and appreciate him. One of the most amazing stories that were narrated in this regard is the story about Abu Bakr al-Miski. One time he was asked “Why are you always sweet-smelling?” He said, 

“By Allah, I have not put any musk (a kind of perfume) for years, but the cause of this smell is that a woman once tricked me to enter her home. After I entered it she locked the doors and tried to seduce me. I got confused and did not know what to do. I said to her, “I want to relieve myself.” So, she ordered her slave girl to lead me to the bathroom, when I entered the bathroom, I painted all my body with stool. I returned to her in such condition. She got shocked when she saw me and ordered her slave to let me out. I went away and had a total ablution. At that night a man appeared to me in my dream saying, “Your action is unprecedented; therefore, I will make you sweet-smelling in this worldly life and in the Hereafter.” I woke up with the fragrance of musk exuding from me. It continued up till now.

3- Relieving worries and distress: this is shown in the Hadith narrated by Abu Huraira about the three who took refuge in a cave in the mountain. A big rock closed the entrance of the cave. They said to each other, “Invoke Allah with the best deed you have performed (so Allah might remove the rock).” So, every one of them mentioned his deed. One of them said, 

 
“O Allah! You know that I was in love with a cousin of mine, like the deepest love a man may have for a woman, and she told me that I would not get my desire fulfilled unless I paid her one-hundred Dinars (gold pieces). So, I struggled for it till I gathered the desired amount, and when I sat in between her legs, she told me to be afraid of Allah, and asked me not to deflower her except rightfully (by marriage). So, I got up and left her and left the one-hundred Dinars. O Allah! If You regard that I did this for Your sake, kindly remove this rock.’ So, Allah has removed a part of the rock… till the end of the Hadith.” [Reported by Bukhari]
 
 «اللهم إنه كانت لي ابنة عم أحبها كأشدّ ما يحبُّ الرِّجال النِّساء، فطلبت إليها نفسها، فأبت حتَّى آتيها بمائة دينار، فسعيت حتَّى جمعت مائة دينار فلقيتها بها، فلمَّا قعدت بين رجليها قالت: يا عبد الله اتَّق الله، ولا تفتح الخاتم إلا بحقِّه. فقمت عنها، اللهمذَ فإن كنت تعلم أنِّي قد فعلت ذلك ابتغاء وجهك فافرج لنا منها. ففرج لهم فرجة.. الحديث» رواه البخاري
 
 
Allah has not relieved those men but for the greatness of the acts of obedience they have performed, especially this man. As Allah knows of his sincerity and chastity, He responded to his invocation and relieved his distress.
 
 

The Profitable Trade

 

 

O my Muslim brother! This worldly life is the abode of delusion! It is the abode of extinction! Only those who are heedless hoard (wealth) for it.

 

The worldly life! It is that cheap commodity. It is that deceitful mirage.

 

This worldly life! It has distracted the heedless and misled the deluded. Its new things are worn-out, its pleasure does not last, and its friendliness is untrue.

Its bliss is never undisturbed and its sorrows never cease.

 

People rushed madly upon its trade, competed for its luxuries and fought for its vanities. Few people have known its defects and discovered its vices.

 

I guarantee for the seeker of this world a life of grief,

Which does not come to stop.

A life of humiliation void of dignity and poverty,

Which does not come to prosperity.

Occupancy, which is not followed by free time,

And a constant toil by everyone.

And miserliness continued by a slave,

And the miser slave will never become of high esteem.

 

It is worthy of a person who knew this worldly life and accepted its people (as they are) to abandon it. He should give his attention to the eternal abode and make this worldly life his bridge to the Hereafter. Moreover, he should provide himself with the everlasting provisions and profitable commodities for the Hereafter.

 

This is the profitable trade

 

My Muslim brother: the profitable trade is that which is different from all kinds of trades. It is a trade known for the following:

 

-A trade in which there is no loss.

 

-Its owner always has increasing profits.

 

-It is a trade where there is only one gainer; that is you if you were one of its people.

 

-Finally, do not forget that the profitable trade is that which is with the King of all kings and to Him belongs the treasures of everything.

 

It is a trade with Allah Almighty. He says, {Verily, Allâh has purchased of the believers their lives and their properties for (the price) that theirs shall be the Paradise.} [Surat At-Tawba: 111]

 

{إِنَّ اللَّهَ اشْتَرَى مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَنْفُسَهُمْ وَأَمْوَالَهُمْ بِأَنَّ لَهُمُ الْجَنَّةَ} التَّوبة: 111

 

Transliteration: 'Inna Allāha Ashtará Mina Al-Mu'uminīna 'Anfusahum Wa 'Amwālahum Bi'anna Lahumu Al-Jannata 

 

 

This (profitable trade) is the trade of good deeds

 

It is a trade that does not seek Dinar or Dirham (money). So, are you among the people of this trade?

 

Allah says, {Wealth and children are the adornment of the life of this world. But the good righteous deeds, that last, are better with your Lord for rewards and better in respect of hope.} [Surat Al-Kahf: 46]

 

{الْمَالُ وَالْبَنُونَ زِينَةُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَالْبَاقِيَاتُ الصَّالِحَاتُ خَيْرٌ عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ ثَوَابًا وَخَيْرٌ أَمَلا} الكهف: 46

 

Transliteration: Al-Mālu Wa Al-Banūna Zīnatu Al-Ĥayāati Ad-Dunyā Wa Al-Bāqiyātu Aş-Şāliĥātu Khayrun `Inda Rabbika Thawābāan Wa Khayrun 'Amalāan

 

Ibn 'Abbâs, may Allah be pleased with him and his father, said, "It is every righteous deed whether a saying or an action. They are the deeds which last for the Hereafter".

 

My Muslim brother! The market of the profitable trade is the market where every purchaser finds abundant profit from every commodity.

 

Such market can never have something worthless. In the contrary, everything it contains is precious and invaluable. Allah Almighty says, {The likeness of those who spend their wealth in the Way of Allâh, is as the likeness of a grain (of corn); it grows seven ears, and each ear has a hundred grains. Allâh gives manifold increase to whom He wills. And Allâh is All-Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knower.} [Surat Al-Baqara: 261]

 

{مَثَلُ الَّذِينَ يُنْفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ كَمَثَلِ حَبَّةٍ أَنْبَتَتْ سَبْعَ سَنَابِلَ فِي كُلِّ سُنْبُلَةٍ مِائَةُ حَبَّةٍ وَاللَّهُ يُضَاعِفُ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَاللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ} البقرة: 261

 

Transliteration: Mathalu Al-Ladhīna Yunfiqūna 'Amwālahum Fī Sabīli Allāhi Kamathali Ĥabbatin 'Anbatat Sab`a Sanābila Fī Kulli Sunbulatin Miā'atu Ĥabbatin Wa Allāhu Yuđā`ifu Liman Yashā'u Wa Allāhu Wāsi`un `Alīmun

 

O seeker of abundant profit! O you who desire extreme wealth! O you who look for permanent richness! Adhere to the trade of good deeds "the profitable trade."

 

 

Contests towards the market of the profitable trade

 

O Muslims brother! The market of the righteous deeds is the best one to take provision from. However, many people are heedless of entering into this market. In addition, they are usually occupied with the fake market (the market of the fake trade). There, you see people engrossed in the commodities of the perishing trade. All of them dream of the transient profits.

If the sane man thought of it, he would know that it is out of resolution that he should be one of the hasteners to trade in the market of the profitable trade.

 

O Muslim brother! What are you waiting for? You have seen the disloyalty of this worldly life to its people.

Allah says, {And march forth in the way (which leads to) forgiveness from your Lord, and for Paradise as wide as the heavens and the earth, prepared for Al-Muttaqûn (the pious)} [Surat Al-'Imrân: 133]

 

{وَسَارِعُوا إِلَى مَغْفِرَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ وَجَنَّةٍ عَرْضُهَا السَّمَاوَاتُ وَالأَرْضُ أُعِدَّتْ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ} آل عمران: 133

 

Transliteration: Wa Sāri`ū 'Ilá Maghfiratin Min Rabbikum Wa Jannatin `Arđuhā As-Samāwātu Wa Al-'Arđu 'U`iddat Lilmuttaqīna

 

Anas ibn Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, said, "It is the first Takbir (saying Allah is the Greatest)".

 

Sa'îd ibn Jubayr said, "Hasten to the righteous deeds in order to have forgiveness from your Lord".

 

So, you who have spent your lifetime collecting the transient vanities of life!

You who have frequently gone to the market of the perishing trade!

How far you are from the profitable trade!

How far you are from the invaluable trade!

Are you keen on increasing your profit from good deeds, as you are keen on increasing your money gains?

 

Huthayfa ibn Al-Yammân, may Allah be pleased with him and his father, said, "Allah says, {The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder (the people of Makkah requested Prophet Muhammad to show them a miracle, so he showed them the splitting of the moon).} [Surat Al-Qamar: 1] Verily, this world is about to come to an end. Indeed, today is the racetrack and tomorrow will be the race. Truly, the end is the Hellfire but the winner is the one who speeds ahead to Paradise".

 

{اقْتَرَبَتِ السَّاعَةُ وَانْشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ} القمر: 1

 

Transliteration: Aqtarabati As-Sā`atu Wa Anshaqqa Al-Qamaru

 

O you who are heedless of the profitable trade! Do you think that this worldly life will last for you? Or do you think that you are going to immortalize in this world?

 

On the authority of Abdullah ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: "The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) took me by the shoulder and said, «Be in this world as though you were a stranger or a wayfarer.»" And Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) used to say, “In the evening do not expect [to live until] the morning, and in the morning do not expect [to live until] the evening. Take [advantage of] your health before times of sickness, and [take advantage of] your life before your death.” [Al-Bukhari]

 

أخَذ رسولُ اللهِ صلَّى اللهُ عليه وسلَّم بمَنكِبي فقال: «كُنْ في الدنيا كأنك غريبٌ أو عابرُ سبيلٍ» . وكان ابنُ عُمرَ يقولُ: "إذا أمسيْتَ فلا تنتَظِرِ الصباحَ، وإذا أصبحْتَ فلا تنتظِرِ المساءَ، وخُذْ من صحتِك لمرضِك، ومن حياتِك لموتِك" رواه البخاري

 

I advise you to hasten quickly to the market of the profitable trade before the coming of the moment of death and the breakoff of hopes.

 

Take provisions from your good deeds as you have taken provision from the perishing money. Win the enduring good deeds as you gained the transitory Dirhams.

 

 

The eternal profit

 

O Muslim brother! The trade of this world is cheap and short-living just as the case with this worldly life. On the contrary, the trade of good deeds or the profitable trade has everlasting profit and abundant benefit.

 

How strange is the one who turns away from the everlasting and gets ahead of the perishing!

 

The profitable trade is good for its owner even after his death.

 

Moreover, its profits are a salvation for its owner from the darkness of the grave and from the terrors of the Day of Resurrection.

 

The Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) has said, «The deceased is followed by three, two things leave him and return and one stays with him. His money and folks leave, and his deeds stay» [Reported by al-Bukhari 6514 and Muslim 2960].

 

«يتبع الميت ثلاثة، فيرجع اثنان ويبقى معه واحد: يتبعه أهله وماله وعمله، فيرجع أهله وماله ويبقى عمله» رواه البخاري 6514 ومسلم 2960

 

O Muslim brother! This is the eternal profit; it is not a profit of Dinar or Dirham which perishes after the death of its owner.

It is appropriate for the sane person to be among the people of the eternal profit and not to be deceived by the abode of delusion.

 

My brother! You have to know that whatever you gain from the possessions of this world, you will never find something more precious or better than gaining good deeds. Thus, trade in something in which you will have all the profits for yourself not for anyone else. Trade in something in which you will have its inheritance even after your death.

 

 

Invaluable commodities in the market of the profitable trade

 

My Muslim brother! In the coming pages, precious commodities from the market of the profitable trade will be introduced to you. Whoever seeks these commodities will be the most skillful trader and the best gainer purchaser. The following are these commodities so be aware not to miss them.

 

The remembrance of Allah Almighty: the remembrance of Allah Almighty is the most valuable reward and the most profitable trade.

 

Allah says, {Verily, those who recite the Book of Allâh (this Qur’ân), and perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât), and spend (in charity) out of what We have provided for them, secretly and openly, they hope for a (sure) trade-gain that will never perish. [29]. That He may pay them their wages in full, and give them (even) more, out of His Grace. Verily He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready to appreciate (good deeds and to recompense).} [Surat Fâtir 29-30]

 

{إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَتْلُونَ كِتَابَ اللَّـهِ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَنفَقُوا مِمَّا رَ‌زَقْنَاهُمْ سِرًّ‌ا وَعَلَانِيَةً يَرْ‌جُونَ تِجَارَ‌ةً لَّن تَبُورَ‌ ﴿29﴾ لِيُوَفِّيَهُمْ أُجُورَ‌هُمْ وَيَزِيدَهُم مِّن فَضْلِهِ ۚ إِنَّهُ غَفُورٌ‌ شَكُورٌ‌} فاطر 29-30

 

Transliteration: 'Inna Al-Ladhīna Yatlūna Kitāba Allāhi Wa 'Aqāmū Aş-Şalāata Wa 'Anfaqū Mimmā Razaqnāhum Sirrāan Wa `Alāniyatan Yarjūna Tijāratan Lan Tabūra (29) Liyuwaffiyahum 'Ujūrahum Wa Yazīdahum Min Fađlihi 'Innahu Ghafūrun Shakūrun

 

The profit for those who often remember Allah Almighty is a guaranteed profit; rather a momentous profit, which no one knows its amount except Allah, Glory be to Him.

 

The messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) has said,«(Following are) two words (sentences or utterances) that are very easy for the tongue to say, and very heavy in the balance (of reward) and most beloved to the Gracious Almighty (And they are): Subhan Allah wa bi-hamdihi; Subhan Allahi-l-'Azim (Glory be to Allah and praise be to him; Glory be to Allah The Great» [Agreed upon]

 

«كلمتان خفيفتان على اللسان، ثقيلتان في الميزان، حبيبتان إلى الرَّحمن: سبحان الله العظيم، سبحان الله وبحمده» متفقٌ عليه

 

The following, too, are the abundant profit from the trade of the remembrance of Allah Almighty:

The Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) has said, «Cleanliness is half of faith and al-Hamdu Liliah (Praise be to Allah) fills the scale, and Subhan-Allah (Glory be to Allah) and al-Hamdu Liliah (Praise be to Allah) fill up to what is between the heavens and the earth.» [Reported by Muslim 223]

 

«الطَّهور شطر الإيمان، والحمد لله تملأ الميزان، وسبحان الله والحمد لله تملآن (أو تملأ) ما بين السَّماوات والأرض» رواه مسلم 223

 

Another valuable saying is that the Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) has said, «He who uttered these words: "There is no god but Allah, the One, having no partner with Him. Sovereignty belongs to Him and all the praise is due to Him, and He has Power over everything" one hundred times every day there is a reward of emancipating ten slaves for him, and there are recorded hundred virtues to his credit, and hundred vices are blotted out from his scroll, and that is a safeguard for him against Satan on that day till the evening. No one brings anything more excellent than this, except the one who has done more than this (who utters these words more than one hundred times and does more good acts) and he who utters, "Glory be to Allah, and all praise is due to Him," one hundred times a day, his sins are obliterated even if they are equal to the extent of the foam of the sea.» [Reported by Muslim 2691]

 

«لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك وله الحمد وهو على كلِّ شيءٍ قديرٍ في يوم مائة مرة كانت له عدل عشر رقاب وكتبت له مائة حسنة، ومحيت عنه مائة سيِّئة، وكانت له حرزًا من الشَّيطان يومه ذلك حتَّى يمسي، ولم يأت أحد أفضل مما جاء به إلا أحد عمل أكثر من ذلك، ومن قال: سبحان الله وبحمده في يوم مائة مرَّة حطت خطاياه ولو كانت مثل زبد البحر» رواه مسلم 2691

 

Ali ibn Abu Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, narrated that Fatima, may Allah be pleased with her, went to the Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) complaining about the bad effect of the stone hand-mill on her hand. She heard that the Prophet had received a few slave girls. However, (when she came there) she did not find him, so she mentioned her problem to 'Aisha. When the Prophet came, 'Aisha informed him about that. 'Ali added, "So the Prophet came to us when we had gone to bed. We wanted to get up (on his arrival) but he said, ''Stay where you are. "Then he came and sat between her and me that I felt the coldness of his feet on my abdomen. He said, «Shall I direct you to something better than what you have requested? When you go to bed say 'Subhan Allah' thirty-three times, 'Alhamdulillah' thirty three times, and Allahu Akbar' thirty four times, for that is better for you than a servant.» [Reported by al-Bukhari 3113 and Muslim 2727]

 

«ألا أدلكما على خير ممَّا سألتما؟ إذا أخذتما مضاجعكما أو أويتما إلى فراشكما فسبحا ثلاثًا وثلاثين، واحمدا ثلاثًا وثلاثين، وكبرا أربعًا وثلاثين، فهو خيرٌ لكما من خادمٍ» رواه البخاري 3113 ومسلم 2727

 

Another precious saying is that the Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) has said, «The uttering of (these words): "Glory be to Allah; all praise is due to Allah, there is no god but Allah and Allah is the Greatest," is dearer to me than anything over which the sun rises.» [Reported by Muslim 2695]

 

«لأن أقول: سبحان الله والحمد لله ولا إله إلا الله والله أكبر أحبُّ إليَّ ممَّا طلعت عليه الشَّمس» رواه مسلم 2695

 

'Ubaid ibn 'Umair, may Allah have mercy on him, said, "one glorification of Allah along with praising him -in the scroll of the believer- is better than having mountains of Gold of this world."

 

My Muslim brother! These are some of the examples that show you the rank of this profitable trade (the remembrance of Allah Almighty). So, be aware not to be among the deprived of these rare treasures.

 

-Another commodity: charity

My Muslim brother! Spending money for good purposes is a great category of the profitable trade. Allah says, {Your wealth and your children are only a trial, whereas Allâh! With Him is a great reward (Paradise). [15]. So keep your duty to Allâh and fear Him as much as you can; listen and obey, and spend in charity; that is better for yourselves. And whosoever is saved from his own covetousness, then they are the successful ones.} [Surat At-Taghabun 15-16]

 

{إِنَّمَا أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَأَوْلَادُكُمْ فِتْنَةٌ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ عِندَهُ أَجْرٌ‌ عَظِيمٌ ﴿15﴾ فَاتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ وَاسْمَعُوا وَأَطِيعُوا وَأَنفِقُوا خَيْرً‌ا لِّأَنفُسِكُمْ ۗ وَمَن يُوقَ شُحَّ نَفْسِهِ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ} التَّغابن: 15-16

 

Transliteration: 'Innamā 'Amwālukum Wa 'Awlādukum Fitnatun Wa Allāhu `Indahu 'Ajrun `Ažīmun (15) Fāttaqū Allāha Mā Astaţa`tum Wa Asma`ū Wa 'Aţī`ū Wa 'Anfiqū Khayrāan Li'nfusikum Wa Man Yūqa Shuĥĥa Nafsihi Fa'ūlā'ika Hum Al-Mufliĥūna

 

My Muslim brother! Whoever spends his money to help the weak is saving for himself the best reward (from Allah) and is giving priority to the greatest treasure.

 

The charitable person adds to his credit an eternal profit which will grow and increase till he harvests its fruits on a day when he will need the reward even of one virtue (good deed).

 

The Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) has said, «When anyone of you gives in charity from the honestly-earned money, and Allah accepts only the honestly earned money, but that Allah takes it in His right hand even if it is a date, and then He enlarges it (its reward for that person who has given it) so much that it becomes bigger than a mountain. It is as anyone of you brings up his foal or young she-camel.» [Reported by al-Bukhari 1014 and Muslim 1014. The wordings are by Muslim 1014]

 

«ما تصدق أحدٌ بصدقةٍ من طيِّبٍ، ولا يقبل الله إلا الطَّيِّب، إلا أخذها الرَّحمن بيمينه، وإن كانت تمرة، فتربو في كفِّ الرَّحمن حتَّى تكون أعظم من الجبل كما يربي أحدكم فلوه أو فصيله»رواه البخاري 1410 ومسلم 1014، واللفظ لمسلم 1014

 

Yahia ibn Mu'âz, may Allah have mercy on him, said, "I do not know a small seed which equals the mountains of this world except if it is a charity."

 

My Muslim brother! Giving charity and spending in the ways of good is a profitable trade in which there is no loss.

 

How regretful the heedless will be on the Day when the great reward will be revealed for the charitable people. On that Day, the people of the profitable trade will rejoice and the people of the perishing trade will grieve. O wise person! Act for a Day when nothing will benefit you except the good deed. Spend the perishing money in order to gain the eternal bliss.

 

The Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) asked the Companions, «Who amongst you loves the money of his inheritors more than his own money?» They replied, "O Messenger of Allah! There is no one of us but that he loves his own money more than he loves the money of his inheritors." Upon which the Prophet replied, «But his money is only that which he sent forth, and the money of his inheritors is what he left behind.» [Reported by al-Bukhâri 6442]

 

«أيُّكم مال وارثه أحبُّ إليه من ماله؟» قالوا: يا رسول الله، ما منَّا أحدٌ إلا ماله أحبُّ إليه، قال: «فإنَّ ماله ما قدَّم، ومال وارثه ما أخَّر» رواه البخاري 6442

 

My Muslim brother! You are in a great need of the trade of virtues. Helping the grieved is helping yourself before helping him.

The wise knows that spending in charity is returning to him with great rewards.

 

Ash-Sha'biyy, may Allah have mercy on him, said, "Whoever does not see himself in need for (the reward of) his charity more than the poor, so; he has nullified his charity and harmed himself."

 

My Muslim brother! These were some of the profitable commodities chosen for you from the market of the profitable trade and there are many others. So, be aware not to be among the aggrieved who exchanged pearls with stones.

 

The market of the profitable trade is open and the commodities are available. However, there will come a Day when you will have no access to such commodities, so be careful!

 

 

Those are the real winners

 

My Muslim brother! Verily, Allah Almighty has slaves who are busy with his obedience and who get pleasure in getting close to Him. Obeying Allah is more pleasing for them than the delicious honey.

 

They are people whose trade is the virtues, whose reward is the righteous deeds and whose delight lies in gaining the enduring good deeds. They knew the path and followed it. They observed the light so they headed for it.

 

-When Mu'âz ibn Jabal was on the verge of death, he said, "Take my soul! By Your Glory, I love You. O Allah! I used to fear You and today I look forward to Your Mercy. O Allah! You know that I did not love surviving in this world for digging rivers nor planting trees. I loved surviving to pass through times (for praying and good deeds), to endure thirst during the midday heat (for fasting) and to approach scholars in the circles of the remembrance of Allah."

 

Ar-Rabî' ibn Khathîm, may Allah have mercy on him, went out one day while he was wearing a silk garment. He saw a beggar; so, he gave him the garment and recited the words of Allah, {By no means shall you attain Al-Birr (piety, righteousness - here it means Allâh’s Reward, i.e. Paradise), unless you spend (in Allâh’s Cause) of that which you love;} [Surat Al-'Imrân: 92]

 

{لَن تَنَالُوا الْبِرَّ‌ حَتَّىٰ تُنفِقُوا مِمَّا تُحِبُّونَ} آل عمران: 92

 

Transliteration: Lan Tanālū Al-Birra Ĥattá Tunfiqū Mimmā Tuĥibbūna Wa Mā Tunfiqū Min Shay'in Fa'inna Allāha Bihi `Alīmun

 

When Abû Bakr ibn 'Ayyâsh, may Allah have mercy on him, was about to die, his sister cried. He said, "What are you crying for? Look at that corner where your brother has concluded reading the Quran eighteen thousand times."

 

Qatâda, may Allah have mercy on him, used to conclude the Holy Qurân once every seven nights. In Ramadan, he used to do it every three days. In the last ten nights of Ramadan, he used to do it every night."

 

Abdullah, the son of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, May Allah have mercy on him, narrated about his father, "My father used to pray three hundred rak'as every day. When he fell ill because of being beaten by whips which weakened him (during the Mihna in the Abbasid era), he used to pray a hundred and fifty rak'as every day. At that time, he was eighty years old."

 

Allah has been pleased with those righteous people. Surely, they are the true men. They found nothing more profitable than the acts of obedience so they were its winning knights and its distinguished figures.

 

My Muslim brother! This is the profitable trade (the trade of good deeds). You have known its ordinances and its way so be aware not to lose its market so that you may not be among the regretful.

Make your profits of good deeds better than the profits of Dinars and Dirhams as this is the everlasting profit, the eternal reward and the profitable trade.

 

All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Almighty. Prayers and peace of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his family and companions.

 

 

By: Ahmed Mahmoud (slightly modified)

 

O brother: these words are for you. They tackle a topic forgotten by a lot of people in the midst life though they are heading towards it. They must drink from its cup. It is death. It does not know the young... It does not distinguish between the mean and the honorable... It does not show favor for those of sublime positions…
 
My Muslim brother: have you once sit privately with yourself telling it, “O myself! You are a ‘thing’” and Allah Almighty has said, {Everything will perish save His Face.} [Surat Al-Qassas 28:88]
 
{كُلُّ شَيْءٍ هَالِكٌ إِلَّا وَجْهَهُ} القصص: 88
 
Transliteration: kullu shayin halikun illa wajhahu
 
Brother: This is the destroyer of pleasures! The Prophet, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, urged you to remember it a lot! He, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him, has said, “Remember the destroyer of pleasures a lot.” [Authenticated by Al-Albani]
 
«أكثروا من ذكر هادم اللذات» صححه الألباني
 
My brother: is it not strange that every day we bid farewell to a dead while our heart does not move and that it does not cause fear or horror?!
 
It seems that as if death was written on this deceased only! My brother: how ugly is such negligence! How loathsome and repugnant it is! This is the blindness of the hearts; how bad is such blindness: {Verily, it is not the eyes that grow blind, but it is the hearts which are in the breasts that grow blind.} [Surat Al-Hajj 22:46]
 
{فَإِنَّهَا لَا تَعْمَى الْأَبْصَارُ وَلَـٰكِن تَعْمَى الْقُلُوبُ الَّتِي فِي الصُّدُورِ‌} الحج: 46
 
 
Transliteration: fainnaha la taAAma alabsaru walakin taAAma alquloobu allatee fee alssudoori
 
Brother: if this worldly life preoccupies you, remember death. You will not find a harder whip than remembering death.
 
 
“Have you, son of Adam, thought about the day of your death and moving from your place? Have you thought about moving from amplitude to narrowness? Have you thought about the betrayal of the companion and the desertion of the brother and friend? You will be taken from your bed and cover to the unknown! You will be covered by dust and mud instead of your soft quilt! O collector of money and diligent in building, by Allah, the money you have is only the coffins! By Allah it will be taken away and spoiled. Your body will be dust. Where is the money you have collected? Did it save you from the horrors?! Nay, you have, however, left it to those who do not thank you! You have come with your sins to Him Who will not excuse you.” (Imam Al-Qurtubi)
 
Brother:
How much time has elapsed of this worldly life?
 
How many generations and nations have perished? How many deceased among your brothers and lovers have you buried in dust?!
 
How many times has yourself told you that you may die today or tomorrow?!
 
How much of your life has passed while you spent it in wide hopes?
 
Have you fulfilled all your hopes?
 
If so, have your hopes given you what you wished for?!
 
 
O brother: Remember... then remember again… these words are for you, “A man has a Lord Whom he will meet, and a home in which he will dwell, so he must please his Lord before meeting Him and prepare his home before moving into it.” (Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim)
 
My brother: Be careful! But is carefulness enough?! The lasting good deeds, my brother, are the best provisions and the best companion in the Hereafter. It is your garden in the day of death and your close companion when people leave your grave...
 
 
 
 
By: Ibn Khuzaymah House

كلمات الترحيب لفضيلة المفتي المربّي فخر الهند احمد خانپوری

من دار الإفتاء محمودیہ (جنوب أفريقيا)

 

Alhamdulillah, the Dar al-Iftaa was most fortunate to host Hadhrat Mufti Ahmad Khanpuri saheb (may Allah lengthen his shadow over us) on Tuesday 27th of May 2014 corresponding to 28th Rajab 1435 A.H. Hadhrat Mufti Ahmad Saheb is Mufti Ebrahim Desai saheb`s role model and ustādh in fiqh, hadith and islāh. Mufti Ebrahim Saheb was very excited and overjoyed upon Hadhrat Mufti Ahmad Saheb`s visit and he advised Maulana Muntasir Zaman, student from USA, to prepare couplets of welcome for Hadhrat Mufti Ahmad saheb. The thinking behind the couplets is of Mufti Ebrahim Desai saheb.  The couplets were read by Maulana Hanif Patel, Blackburn, U.K.

 

Listen to the Ash'aar (couplets) here.

 

 

 

 

 

وسهلا بفخر أرض الهنود

أهلا بكارع البحور

نثرا بالكرم والجود

يا قاسم إرث محمود

 

Welcome to him who drank from the oceans, welcome to the pride of India

O the generous and graceful distributor of the inheritance of Mahmūd[1]

 

وذاك إثر الجحود

سار البلاد لإصلاح النفوس

فصار العالم يفوح بالعود

ناثرا يواقيت قطب الأقطاب

                                                                                                     

He travelled the lands for the reformation of hearts and that is after ample efforts,

Spreading the gems of Qutb al-Aqtāb[2] after which the world became fragrant with oud[3]

                                                                                        

وسهلا بفخر أرض الهنود

أهلا بكارع البحور

نثرا بالكرم والجود

يا قاسم إرث محمود

 

على المضاجع بالقيود

ظلمة الليل والنّاس جاءت

واضعا جبهته في السجود

يتجافى ضيفنا مضجعه

 

The darkness of the night approached while the people are tied to their beds,

Our guest parts from his bed lowering his forehead in prostration

 

وسهلا بفخر أرض الهنود

أهلا بكارع البحور

نثرا بالكرم والجود

يا قاسم إرث محمود

 

أثر السعيد وفقه المحمود

غاص البحر بحر العلوم

فثمرات الأشجار من الشهود

وسقى العشّاق من كأسهما

 

He dove in the ocean of knowledge, the Hadith of (Mufti) Sa`eed[4] and the Fiqh of (Mufti) Mahmū

He gave lovers drink from their goblet. Thus the fruits of his trees are from the witnesses.

 

وسهلا بفخر أرض الهنود

أهلا بكارع البحور

نثرا بالكرم والجود

يا قاسم إرث محمود

 

فإذا حشر الأنام للحدود

فضيفنا نام نومة

منيتنا على الربّ الودود

أتى شيخه قائلا لا تخف

 

Our guest once fell asleep, and behold, the people had gathered for the reckoning,

His sheikh appeared, saying, “Fear not! Our hope is in the Loving Lord”[5]

 

وسهلا بفخر أرض الهنود

أهلا بكارع البحور

نثرا بالكرم والجود

يا قاسم إرث محمود

 

فرأى غاية السعود

وأستاذنا نام نومة

فنار الحبّ كالوقود

فرأى أحمد كأحمد

 

Our teacher[6] once fell asleep and witnessed the ultimate fortune

He saw Ahmad (peace and salutations be upon him)[7] in the appearance of (Mufti) Ahmad (Khanpuri). And the fire of love is like fuels

 

وسهلا بفخر أرض الهنود

أهلا بكارع البحور

نثرا بالكرم والجود

يا قاسم إرث محمود

 

فشرّفَنا بالفيض للخلود

وللضيف أثر عظيم فينا

والحسنات إلي الضيف تعود

و عند الله نرجوا ثوابه

 

Our guest[8] had great effect on us and has blessed us with spiritual effluence for always

And we entertain hope in reward from Allah. And (the fruits of) all deeds return to the guest  

 

وسهلا بفخر أرض الهنود

أهلا بكارع البحور

نثرا بالكرم والجود

يا قاسم إرث محمود

 

 

بسه تاج السعود

فاستنار الحِبّ فأل

ونشر فيض المحمود

ففاز بمقام السعادة[9]

 

The beloved sought light and he was adorned with the crown of fortune[10]

He attained a lofty position and endeavoured to spread the effluence of Mahmūd

 

وسهلا بفخر أرض الهنود

أهلا بكارع البحور

نثرا بالكرم والجود

يا قاسم إرث محمود

 

 

ج و ذكر المعبود

وهداه إلي الغاية بالسرا

على واضع أوّل العمود

فدارنا عيال دائما

 

He guided him (Mufti Ebrahim) to the pinnacle with a lamp and remembrance of Allah[11]

Our Dār al-Iftā is forever dependent on he who placed the first brick[12]

 

 

وسهلا بفخر أرض الهنود

أهلا بكارع البحور

نثرا بالكرم والجود

يا قاسم إرث محمود

 

 

ع العين تجري إلى الخدود

فراقنا أمر محتّم فدمو

قرّة عيوننا بالعود

يا فخر الهنود فالرجاء

 

Our parting is inevitable, and the tears of the eye roll down the cheeks

O pride of India, we hope you once again cool our eyes with your return

 

 

 



[1] Mahmūd can either refer to the praiseworthy quality of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) or Mufti Mahmūd Hasan Gangohi Saheb (may Allah have mercy on him).

[2] This is referring to the fact that who Mufti Ahmad Khanpuri Saheb (may Allah lengthen his shadow upon us) initially took bay`at (allegiance) to Sheikh al-Hadīth Maulana Zakariyya Saheb (may Allah have mercy on him)

[3] This is referring to a special perfume ingredient known in many cultures for its distinctive fragrance

[4] This is referring to Mufti Saeed Ahmad Pālanpūrī Saheb (May Allah lengthen his shadow over us)

[5] Mufti Ahmad Khānpūrī Saheb while residing in Rander wrote a letter to Sheikh al-Hadīth Maulana Zakariyya Saheb explaining his dream, “the people are in the field of resurrection and in the state of worriedness. In my dream I see Maulana Muhammad Saeed Randeri saying: do not fear, Allah will deal with only mercy and grace with his servants … “. Sheikh al-Hadith responded to his letter saying, “… in it is by the will of Allah the glad tidings of your forgiveness …”

[Mahmūd al-Fatāwā, 1: 107]

[6] This is referring to Mufti Ebrahim Desai Saheb. While Mufti Ebrahim Saheb was studying in Dabhel Dār al-Ulūm, he once dreamt making ziyārat of Prophet Muhammad (peace and salutations be upon him) in the form of Mufti Ahmad Saheb. 

[7] Ahmad was also another name of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) as mentioned in the Qur`an

[8] This is referring to Mufti Ahmad Khānpūrī Saheb

[9] Mufti Ahmad Khanpuri Saheb started to excel from a very young age and thus he was titled “the Mufti of Gujrat” by Mufti Abdur Rahīm Lājpūrī Saheb

[10]

Faqīh al-Ummat Mufti Mahmūd Hasan Gangohi Saheb himself one day made Mufti Ahmad take bay`ah (allegiance) to Sheikh al-Hadith Maulana Zakariyyah Saheb … Sheikh al-Hadith himself said to Faqih al-Ummat regarding to Mufti Ahmed, “He belongs to you, be attentive to him.” "یہ تو آپ کا ہی ہے آپ اس پر توجہ فرمائيں"

[Mahmūd al-Fatāwā, 1: 151]

[11] Mufti Ahmad Khānpuri Saheb taught Mufti Ebrahim Desai Saheb the books; al-Hidayah, Sirajī and sahīh al-Bukhārī. He furthermore also taught him the method and manner to make zikr of Allah. Hence, Mufti Ebrahim was blessed to benefit from Mufti Ahmad Saheb in all three fields: Hadith, Fiqh and Tasawwuf.

[12] Mufti Ahmad Khanpuri laid the first brick of the Dār al-Iftā.  

 

Subcategories

KHARWASTAN

Join Our Mailing List (B.E.E.P) - Business Educational Empowerment Programme