By: Abdul Azim bin Abdur Rahman

Darul Iftaa Student

Faculty of Jurisprudence & Islamic Verdicts

 

If someone gave money to build a Wudhū Khānā for a non-Waqf Maktab, where should the money go upon the sale of the non-Waqf Maktab building?

 

Question:

If someone gave money to build a Wudhū Khānā for a non-Waqf Maktab, where should the money go upon the sale of the non-Waqf Maktab building?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

You state that the Alim purchased a building for a Maktab without designating it as Waqf. Thereafter, there was a need to expand the building by making a Wudhu Khānā and a few toilets. Money was collected from certain individuals to facilitate this process. You also state that the donators were aware that this building was not Waqf.

At this point in time, the Alim wishes to sell the building due to certain reasons. However, the Alim is not aware of the exact amounts donated by each donor.

From the afore-mentioned information, it is clear that the donators did not give their donations as a Hadiyyah (gift) to the Alim (the owner of the building). They gave it for the benefit of the Maktab in order to facilitate for students. Hence, the expanded region i.e. Wudhū Khānā and toilets do not form part of the Alim’s ownership. 

The Alim must get an expert to evaluate the current worth (price) of the Wudhū Khānā and toilets that were built through donations. Upon selling the building, the amount evaluated must be subtracted from the total selling price and given to each donor in proportion to each individual’s donation amount.[1] Alternatively, upon the consent of the donors, the amount oweable to the respective donors may be transferred to a nearby Maktab.[2]

Note: The Alim must apply his discretion in finding out each donor. Despite much effort, if some donors are unknown, then the amount oweable to unknown donors may be transferred to a nearby Maktab.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 

 

 

 



[1]  مَا فِي الْفَتْحِ وَفِي الْخَانِيَّةِ رَجُلٌ بَسَطَ مِنْ مَالِهِ حَصِيرًا لِلْمَسْجِدِ فَخَرِبَ الْمَسْجِدُ وَوَقَعَ الِاسْتِغْنَاءُ عَنْهُ فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ يَكُونُ لَهُ إنْ كَانَ حَيًّا وَلِوَرَثَتِهِ إنْ كَانَ مَيِّتًا وَإِنْ بَلَى ذَلِكَ كَانَ لَهُ أَنْ يَبِيعَ وَيَشْتَرِيَ بِثَمَنِهِ حَصِيرًا آخَرَ وَكَذَا لَوْ اشْتَرَى حَشِيشًا أَوْ قِنْدِيلًا فَوَقَعَ الِاسْتِغْنَاءُ عَنْهُ كَانَ ذَلِكَ لَهُ إنْ كَانَ حَيًّا وَلِوَرَثَتِهِ إنْ كَانَ مَيِّتًا وَعِنْدَ أَبِي يُوسُفَ يُبَاعُ ذَلِكَ وَيُصْرَفُ ثَمَنُهُ إلَى حَوَائِجِ الْمَسْجِدِ فَإِنْ اسْتَغْنَى عَنْهُ هَذَا الْمَسْجِدُ يُحَوَّلُ إلَى مَسْجِدٍ آخَرَ وَالْفَتْوَى عَلَى قَوْلِ مُحَمَّدٍ (البحر الرائق، ج 5، ص252، سعيد)

قَالَ الزَّيْلَعِيُّ: وَعَلَى هَذَا حَصِيرُ الْمَسْجِدِ وَحَشِيشُهُ إذَا اسْتَغْنَى عَنْهُمَا يَرْجِعُ إلَى مَالِكِهِ عِنْدَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعِنْدَ أَبِي يُوسُفَ يُنْقَلُ إلَى مَسْجِدٍ آخَرَ، وَعَلَى هَذَا الْخِلَافِ الرِّبَاطُ وَالْبِئْرُ إذَا لَمْ يُنْتَفَعْ بِهَا اهـ وَصَرَّحَ فِي الْخَانِيَّةِ بِأَنَّ الْفَتْوَى عَلَى قَوْلِ مُحَمَّدٍ قَالَ فِي الْبَحْرِ: وَبِهِ عُلِمَ أَنَّ الْفَتْوَى عَلَى قَوْلِ مُحَمَّدٍ فِي آلَاتِ الْمَسْجِدِ وَعَلَى قَوْلِ أَبِي يُوسُفَ فِي تَأْبِيدِ الْمَسْجِدِ اهـ (رد المحتار، ج 4، ص 359، سعيد)

 

[2]  (قَوْلُهُ: إلَى أَقْرَبِ مَسْجِدٍ أَوْ رِبَاطٍ إلَخْ) لَفٌّ وَنَشْرٌ مُرَتَّبٌ وَظَاهِرُهُ أَنَّهُ لَا يَجُوزُ صَرْفُ وَقْفِ مَسْجِدٍ خَرِبٍ إلَى حَوْضٍ وَعَكْسُهُ وَفِي شَرْحِ الْمُلْتَقَى يُصْرَفُ وَقْفُهَا لِأَقْرَبِ مُجَانِسٍ لَهَا. اهـ. ط. (رد المحتار، ج 4، ص 359، سعيد)

فتاوى محمودية، ج 14، ص 471، فاروقية

 

KHARWASTAN

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