Can the husband pay Zakat on behalf of his wife?

 

Question:

A couple has a certain amount of gold which is in the custody of the wife. Will she have to pay on her own or can her husband pay on her behalf?

 

Answer:

 

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

As-salāmu ʿalaykum wa-raḥmatullāhi wa-barakātuh

 

Zakāt is liable on the owner of the gold. The owner is the person who bought it, was gifted it or inherited it.

 

Therefore, if the wife owns the gold, she is responsible to pay the Zakāt of the gold. However, the husband may pay its Zakāt on her behalf.[1]

 

And Allah Taʿālā Knows Best

 

Checked and Approved by

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

 



[1] وَلَوْ تَصَدَّقَ عَنْهُ بِأَمْرِهِ جَازَ وَيَرْجِعُ بِمَا دَفَعَ عِنْدَ أَبِي يُوسُفَ، وَإِنْ لَمْ يَشْتَرِطْ الرُّجُوعَ كَالْأَمْرِ بِقَضَاءِ الدَّيْنِ، وَعِنْدَ مُحَمَّدٍ لَا رُجُوعَ لَهُ إلَّا بِالشَّرْطِ، وَتَمَامُهُ فِي الْخَانِيَّةِ (البحر الرائق (2/ 227))

وَلَا يُؤَدِّي عَنْ زَوْجَتِهِ، وَلَا عَنْ أَوْلَادِهِ الْكِبَارِ، وَإِنْ كَانُوا فِي عِيَالِهِ، وَلَوْ أَدَّى عَنْهُمْ أَوْ عَنْ زَوْجَتِهِ بِغَيْرِ أَمْرِهِمْ أَجْزَأَهُمْ اسْتِحْسَانًا كَذَا فِي الْهِدَايَةِ. وَعَلَيْهِ الْفَتْوَى كَذَا فِي فَتَاوَى قَاضِي خَانْ. وَلَا يَجُوزُ أَنْ يُعْطِيَ عَنْ غَيْرِ عِيَالِهِ إلَّا بِأَمْرِهِ كَذَا فِي الْمُحِيطِ. (الفتاوى الهندية، دار الفكر (1/ 193))

 

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