Question:

 

I want to know what is shariah ruling on using social media like twitter and facebook. Because I know lots of people scholars also use these social media alike twitter and they talk very freely to ghair mahram. In real life they wouldn’t have the courage to go up in front of woman with niqab and a woman with niqab will not directly talk freely and joke also to a ghair mahram man. This is very common with social media users especially twitter I have noticed.

When we see scholars also behaving like this on social media it is very discouraging and bad example for the youth. The youth see scholars doing this and think this is ok. Random people chat on twitter as if they know each other.


Through this small ‘chit chat’ a relationship is started. I have had personal experiences with my friends. How may girl ‘friends’ they have is shocking! ghair mahram women freely joke and comment for them and they re post on their social media and vice versa.

 

Is all this permissible or even moral and ethical and befit for scholars especially to behave like this?

 

Answer:

 

 

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.


The ruling of social media will depend on the nature and contents of the medium. Since the dominant feature of Facebook is that a user generally views pictures, including those of the opposite gender, the use of Facebook will not be permitted.

 

[1] On the other hand, with respect to a social medium like twitter, generally one may avoid viewing pictures of the opposite gender and other unlawful activities, and the medium can be used in a positive and permissible way. Hence, in principle, the ruling of twitter will depend on the person using it. If one uses it for good or acceptable reasons and he is sure he will not become involved in anything impermissible by using it, it will be permissible for him to do so. [2]

 

On the other hand, if in one’s general usage of twitter, he engages in some haram activity, like looking at pictures of the opposite gender, or freely and unnecessarily engaging in conversation with an unrelated member of the opposite gender, or there is a genuine fear of doing so, it will not be permissible for such a person to use twitter.

 

We cannot comment on the ‘scholars’ you refer to, and each case must be considered individually. But remember that each believer is held accountable only for his own actions. It is a believer’s duty to ground his actions on the teachings of reliable and accepted scholars. He may not take the slips of a scholar as an example for himself.

It is reported from Rasūlullāh (sallAllāhu ‘alayhi wasallam) that he said:

إياكم...وزلة العالم

“Beware of the slip of a scholar.” [3]

 

 

Remember only prophets are infallible, and all people besides them are susceptible to errors and sins.

 

Every person will be taken to task for his own actions, and each person is responsible to ensure that his actions are consistent with the teachings of Shari‘ah.


 

And Allah Ta‘ālā Knows Best


Zameelur Rahman


Student, Darul Iftaa
UK

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.


www.daruliftaa.net

[1]

 

قال فى القنية من الكراهة: غلب على ظنه أن أكثر بياعات أهل السوق لا تخلو عن الفساد فإن كان الغالب هو الحرام تنزه عن شراءه

 

شرح الحموي، إدارة القرآن، ٣٠٩

 

قال تعالى: قل فيهما إثم كبير ومنافع للناس وإثمهما أكبر من نفعهما

 

[2]

 

الأصل في كل شيء الإباحة

 

 الأشباه والنظائر، إدارة القرآن، ٣٠٢

 

بيع الجارية المغنية لا يكره؛ لأنه ليس عينها منكراً وإنما المنكر في استعماله المحظور. كما صرح به صاحب ((التبيين)) 3: 297، و((رمز الحقائق))1: 329، و((النهر الفائق)) 3: 268، و((حاشية أبي السعود))3: 406

 

خلاصة الكلام في مسألة الإعانة على الحرام

 

[3]

شرح أصول اعتقاد أهل السنة والجماعة، ١:١١٦

 

 

 

KHARWASTAN

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