Creed

Question:

What is `Bay`at` with a Sheikh? Can we take a `Bay`at` with a Sufi Sheikh?

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

Allah Ta`alaa says:

خلق الإنسان ضعيفا

Human being is created weak[1].

The weakness referred to in the verse also includes the weakness of the inner self (Nafs) which has pride, arrogance, greed, anger, argumentativeness etc.[2]. These traits lead one to evil and wrongdoings. Allah Ta`alaa says:

إن النفس لأمارة بالسوء

Surely, man`s inner self often incites to evil[3].

The weakness of the Nafs leading to evil is aggravated by the Shaytaan (Satan), our avowed enemy. Allah records the vow of Satan:

فبما أغويتني لأقعدن لهم صراطك المستقيم. ثم لآتينهم من بين أيديهم ومن خلفهم وعن أيمانهم وعن شمائلهم ولا تجد أكثرهم شاكرين

Because You have sent me astray, surely, I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your straight path. Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left, and You will not find most of them as thankful ones[4].

The combination of the Nafs and Shaytaan poses a huge challenge in submitting ourselves to Allah and overpowering our Nafs and Shaytaan. The human will only be able to succeed and suppress the Nafs and Shaytaan if the soul has been reformed, rectified and purified from the evils of the heart. The purification of the soul is called Tazkiyah. Allah says:

قد أفلح من تزكى

He is successful who has purified himself[5].

Furthermore, an individual who sows the seeds of purification and self-rectification will not only reap spiritual well-being and sweetness in faith but also the fruits of a healthy and content living in all aspects of life[6].

How often we experience grief and agony due to marital problems, commercial disputes and social ills. When we analyse the cause of our grief, the real cause is the Nafs and its mischief.

The rectification and reformation of the soul is necessary and there are different ways to achieve this. A person may reach this objective by treading the path of knowledge, sitting in the company of pious saints, engaging in the remembrance and supplication to Allah, or by taking Bay`at.

 

Bay’at refers to the promise of allegiance that the Mureed (follower) takes with the Sheikh that he will adhere to the instructions prescribed by him. The purpose of Bay’at is to take support from a spiritual guide to change and reform oneself[7].

Bay’at is not a requirement for reformation. While the act of self-reformation and purifying the soul is compulsory;[8] the very customary practice of taking Bay`at from a Sheikh to acquire this objective is desirable and an effective way[9]. The basis of Bay`at can be clearly found in the Glorious Qur`an[10] and the Sunnah[11]. Experience proves that one of the most effective methods to acquire Islaah and self-reformation is to submit oneself to the guidance and care of a Shaikh who is an expert instructor in the field of detecting and diagnosing discrete inner maladies and imbibing desired traits[12]

 

The purpose of Bay`at will be defeated if one takes Bay`at and yet does not reform and change the mode of his life. The connection and company of the Sheikh should inculcate and develop the quality of Taqwa, motivate a person to adopt Sunnah and build the consciousness of Allah in one`s life[13].

In choosing a spiritual guide, the following will be useful:

The spiritual guide must be knowledgeable of and practising the Qur`an and Sunnah and aversive to practices contrary to Shariah;

The spiritual guide must have spent adequate time in the company of a spiritual guide (Sheikh) and must have earned the trust of his Sheikh[14];

 

There must be compatibility between the spiritual guide and the disciple;

The common practise of taking Bay`at to a popular person just for the sake of following the trend is incorrect. One should choose a spiritual guide from whom one can benefit and climb the ladder of spirituality.

It is best to maintain a contact first (Islahi ta`alluq) before confirming the Bay`at in order to determine if there is compatibility and one is really benefitting from such a spiritual guide.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Hanif Yusuf Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
UK

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net



[1] [Al-Qur`an, 4:28]

[2] إن الإنسان خلق هلوعا. إذا مسّه الشّرّ جزوعا. وإذا مسّه الخير منوعا

[Al-Qur`an, 70: 19-21]

ولئن أذقنا الإنسان منا رحمة ثم نزعناها منه إنه ليئوس كفور. ولئن أذقناه نعماء بعد ضراء مسته ليقولن ذهب السيئات عني إنه لفرح فخور

[Al-Qur`an, 11:9-10]

[Al-Qur`an, 10: 12; 57: 22-3; 43:15; 18:54]

[3] وما أبرئ نفسي إن النفس لأمارة بالسوء إلا ما رحم ربي إن ربي غفور رحيم

[Al-Qur`an, 12:53]

[4] قال فبما أغويتني لأقعدن لهم صراطك المستقيم. ثم لآتينهم من بين أيديهم ومن خلفهم وعن أيمانهم وعن شمائلهم ولا تجد أكثرهم شاكرين

[Al-Qur`an, 7: 16-17]

[5] قد أفلح من تزكى

[Al-Qur`an, 87: 14]

قد أفلح من زكّها

[Al-Qur`an, 91: 9]

[6] من عمل صالحا من ذكر أو أنثى وهو مؤمن فلنحيينه حياة طيبة ولنجزينهم أجرهم بأحسن ما كانوا يعملون

[Al-Qur`an, 16:97]

[7] [Fatawa Mahmodiyyah, 4:402-5, Dar al-Iftaa Jamiah Farooqiyyah, Karachi]

[8] [Fatawa Haqqaniyyah, 2:243-4, Jamiah Dar al-Uloom Haqqaniyyah]

[9] [Fatawa Rashidiyah (Kamil), p.226, Deoband; Imdad al-Fatawa, 5:246, Maktabah Dar al-Uloom Karachi; Fatawa Mahmoodiyya, 4: 405-14]

قال العلامة فقير الله الحنفي: وهي سنة ليست بواجبة لأن الناس بايعوا النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وتقربوا بها إلى الله تعالى وما وجدنا الدليل على تاثم تاركها ولم ينكر أحد من الأئمة المهديين من الصحابة والتابعين على تاركها فكان الإجماع السكوتى على أنها ليست بواجبة اه.

[Qutub al-Irshad, Bahth Takrar al-Bay`ah Mathurah, p.543; Anwaar al-Qudsiyyah, p.5]

قال الشاه ولى الله الدهلوي: فاعلم أن البيعة سنة وليست بواجبة

[Shifa al-Aleel Tarjumah al-Qawl al-Jamil, 2:21; Fatawa Haqqaniyyah, 2:244]

لا يلزم البيعة الرسمية فى طريقة من طرق المشائخ، نعم تستحب فمن أتى بها ووفّى توفّى أجرها، ومن لم يأت بها وسلك الطريق المستقيم أخذا من الكتاب والسنة وآداب السلف الصالحين لا يخشى عليه سوء الخاتمة الخ

[Kifayat al-Mufti, 2:107, Dar al-Isha`at Karachi]

[10] لقد رضي الله عن المؤمنين إذ يبايعونك تحت الشجرة فعلم ما في قلوبهم فأنزل السكينة عليهم وأثابهم فتحا قريبا

[Al-Qur`an, 48:18]

ياايها النبي اذا جاءك المؤمنات يبايعنك على ان لايشركن بالله شيئا ولايسرقن ولايزنين ولايقتلن اولادهن ولاياتين ببهتان يفترينه بين ايديهن وارجلهن ولايعصينك في معروف فبايعهن واستغفر لهن الله ان الله غفور رحيم

[Al-Qur`an, 60:12]

[11] وقال شاه ولى الله محدث دهلوي: واستفاض عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إن الناس كانوا يبايعونه تارة على الهجرة والجهاد وتارة على إقامة اركان الإسلام

[Shifa al-Aleel Tarjumah al-Qawl al-Jameel, 1:15; Fatawa Haqqaniyyah, 2:244, Jamiah Dar al-Uloom Haqqaniyyah]

عن قيس سمعت جريرا رضي الله عنه: بايعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم على شهادةأن لا إله إلله وأن محمد رسول الله وإقام الصلوة وإيتاء الزكوة والسمع والطاعة والنصح لكل مسلم

[Saheeh al-Bukhari, 3:72; Saheeh Muslim, 1:75]

عن جنادة بن أبي أمية قال: دخلنا على عبادة بن الصامت وهو مريض، قلنا: أصلحك الله حدث بحديث ينفعك الله به سمعته من النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، قال: دعانا النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فبايعناه، فقال فيما أخذ علينا: أن بايعنا على السمع والطاعة، في منشطنا ومكرهنا، وعسرنا ويسرنا وأثرة علينا، وأن لا ننازع الأمر أهله، إلا أن تروا كفرا بواحا، عندكم من الله فيه برهان

[Saheeh al-Bukhari, 9:47; Saheeh Muslim, 3:1470]

عن عبادة بن الصامت، قال: بايعنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم على السمع والطاعة في المنشط والمكره، وأن لا ننازع الأمر أهله، وأن نقوم أو نقول بالحق حيثما كنا، لا نخاف في الله لومة لائم

عن عبد الله بن عمر رضي الله عنهما، قال: كنا إذا بايعنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم على السمع والطاعة، يقول لنا: فيما استطعتم

[Saheeh al-Bukhari, 9:77; Saheeh Muslim, 3:1490]

[12] ولا يتسير ذلك إلا بالمجاهدة على يد شيخ كامل قد جاهد نفسه وخالف هواه وتخلى عن الأخلاق الذميمة وتحلى بالأخلاق الحميدة ... فكما أن العلم بالتعلم من العلماء فكذلك الخلق بالتخلق على يد العرفاء الخ

[I`laa` as-Sunan, 18:443, Idarah al-Qur`an Karachi]

[13] Fatawa Haqqaniyyah, 2:243; Khayr al-Fatawa, 1:369, Maktabah Imdadiyah, Multan]

[14] قال الشاه ولى الله الدهلوى: فشرط من يأخذ البيعة أمور أحدها علم الكتاب والسنة والشرط الثاني العدالة والتقوى والشرط الثالث ان يكون زاهدا في الدنيا راغبا في الآخرة والشرط الرابع ان يكون آمرا بالمعروف ناهيا عن المنكر والشرط الخامس ان يكون صحبت المشائخ وتأدب بهم دهرا طويلا وأخذ منهم نور الباطن ولسكينة

[Shifa al-Aleel Tarjumah al-Qawl al-Jamil, 1:23-30; Fatawa Haqqaniyyah, 2: 245; Fatawa Azizi, 2:102-5; Mahmood al-Fatawa, 4:173; Maktabah Anwar, Dabhel; Fatawa Mahmoodiyah, 4:341-67]

 

By: Abdul Azim bin Abdur Rahman

Darul Iftaa Student

Faculty of Jurisprudence & Islamic Verdicts

 

 

Proof for conveying Salām to Rasūlullāh Sallallāhu Alaihi Wa Sallam

 

 

Question:

 

Is the permissibility of giving Salām to Nabī Sallallāhu Alaihi Wa Sallam on another person’s behalf mentioned in any Hadīth.

 

 

 

Answer:

 

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

 

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

Consider the following Hadīth:

 

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: «مَا مِنْ أَحَدٍ يُسَلِّمُ عَلَيَّ إِلَّا رَدَّ اللَّهُ عَلَيَّ رُوحِي حَتَّى أَرُدَّ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامَ (سنن ابى داود، باب زيارة القبور)

 

Rasūlullāh Sallallāhu Alaihi Wa Sallam said, “Whenever anyone says Salām to me (while visiting my grave), Allāh Ta’ālā returns my soul to me (the ability to speak), until I reply to his Salām. (Sunan Abī Dāwūd)

 

This Hadīth is clear that Rasūlullāh Sallallāhu Alaihi Wa Sallam responds to the one saying Salām while visiting the blessed grave of Rasūlullāh Sallallāhu Alaihi Wa Sallam. Based on this, many of the pious predecessors used to request friends going to Madīnah Munawwarah to convey their Salāms to Rasūlullāh Sallallāhu Alaihi Wa Sallam. Consider the following text from Ithāf as-Sādah al-Muttaqīn, a commentary on Imām Ghazālī Rahimahullāh’s Ihyā Ulūm ad-Dīn[1]:

 

فقد جرى بذلك العمل فى السلف والخلف وكانت الملوك تبرد لتبليغ السلام بريدا لينوب عنه فى إبلاغ السلام روي ذلك عن عمر بن عبد العزيز كان يبرد البريد من الشام يقول سلم لى على رسول الله صل الله عليه وسلم أخرجه ابن الجوزى فى مثير العزم (إتحاف السادة المتقين، ج 4، ص 419، دار الفكر)

 

(Requesting someone to convey Salām to Nabī Sallallāhu Alaihi Wa Sallam) has been the practice of early and latter-day Ulamā. Kings used to send letters appointing someone on their behalf to convey Salāms (to Rasūlullāh Sallallāhu Alaihi Wa Sallam). It has been narrated regarding Umar bin Abd al-Azīz (Rahimahullāh) that he used to send a letter from Shaam saying, “Convey Salām to Rasūlullāh Sallallāhu Alaihi Wa Sallam on my behalf. Ibn al-Jawzi has narrated this. (Ithāf as-Sādah al-Muttaqīn, Vol. 4, page 419, Dar al-Fikr)

 

 

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

 

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



[1] فتاوى دار العلوم زكريا، ج 1، ص 59-60، زمزم

 

 

 

 

 

Is there anything wrong with visiting Churches for sightseeing?

 

Question:

Is there anything wrong with visiting churches for sightseeing?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Tawhīd (The Oneness of Allah) is the founding brick of Islam.  Tawhīd is the soul of one’s Islam.  It is the root to the tree of Imān.

Tawhīd demands one to acknowledge with certainty that the only entity worth of worship is One Allah.  Everything besides Allah Ta’ālā is not deserving of worship or reverence.  Tawhīd unshackles one from the slavery and servitude to all others.

A Muslim is one who is buzzing and overflowing with the love of Allah Ta’ālā.  His pledge and loyalty to Allah Ta’ālā radiates from all his actions.  A True Muslim is one who is disturbed by watching other than One Allah worshipped.

Allah constantly showers us with His favours and blessings.  We enjoy the countless blessings of Allah; He clothes us, He satiates our hunger, He quenches our thirst, He fulfils our needs and protects us.  How can we ever have any affiliation to something which opposes Allah?

A True Muslim is sympathetic and aspires guidance for all those who have fallen prey to false idols and deities.  After all, we have been sent to free man from the servitude of the creation of Allah, and introduce them to the freedom of servitude to One Allah.

Structures and buildings associated to teaching, preaching and worshipping other than Allah Ta’ālā are hotbeds of Shaytān.  They are not worthy of adoration or reverence.  Shaytān is idolised and worshipped in such places. Tawhīd is martyred.  Thus, the Jurists have mentioned it is severely disliked for a Muslim to visit and enter the edifices and structures of other faiths.[1]

And Allah  Knows Best

Mufti Faraz al-Mahmudi 

Student of Mufti Ebrahim Desai

 

www.darulfiqh.com

 


[1]  وَفِي التَّتَارْخَانِيَّة يُكْرَهُ لِلْمُسْلِمِ الدُّخُولُ فِي الْبِيعَةِ وَالْكَنِيسَةِ، وَإِنَّمَا يُكْرَهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ إنَّهُ مَجْمَعُ الشَّيَاطِينِ لَا مِنْ حَيْثُ إنَّهُ لَيْسَ لَهُ حَقُّ الدُّخُولِ اهـ قَالَ فِي الْبَحْرِ: وَالظَّاهِرُ أَنَّهَا تَحْرِيمِيَّةٌ؛ لِأَنَّهَا الْمُرَادَةُ عِنْدَ إطْلَاقِهِمْ، (رد المحتار ج 1 ص 380 أيج أيم سعيد)

What effect does the numbering system have?

 

Question:

 

I am confused about the numbering system. I had an incident when I got married when my wife got scared of something when she was alone at home at around Fajar time. Someone told us that there is a problem with the house spiritually so move to a diffferent house and try to get a house with a sum = odd numbers (1, 3, 5, 7, 9). 

The house we were staying in had an even number 614 (I think). After this we have moved a couple of times and lived in houses whose numbers calculate as odd and faced no problems. Now I want to move to a new house and want to clarify my concept. Is there anything wrong with houses with sum of even numbers or is it my superstition.

 

Answer:

 

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu `alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

As Muslims, we place our trust in Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) in all our affairs. Whatever happens in this World occurs with the will (Taqdeer) of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala).One should never become despondent nor give way to baseless suspicions.

 

Believing in the effectiveness of even numbers has no basis in Islam. Believing in the numbering system being the cause of harm is a baseless superstition. One should not pay any attention to such baseless superstitions.

Superstitions existed in the Pre- Islamic era of Jaahiliyyah (ignorance). Rasulullah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) abolished all such superstitions as baseless and having no place in Islam.

Read the Aayatul Kursi for protecting ones home against all type of calamities and difficulties.

Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said:

اذا اويت الي فراشك فاقرا اية الكرسي فانك لن يزال عليك من الله حافظ

Translation: “When you recline to your resting place, read Aayatul Kursi for verily; Allah remains as a guardian over such a person” (Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 281/1, Darul Fikr)

 

The Aayatul Kursi is as follows:

اللَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ لَا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلَا نَوْمٌ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ مَنْ ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِنْدَهُ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِ يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلَّا بِمَا شَاءَ وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَلَا يَئُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ

Translation:  Allah is He besides Whom there is no god, the Everliving, the Self-subsisting by Whom all subsist; slumber does not overtake Him nor sleep; whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is His; who is he that can intercede with Him but by His permission? He knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they cannot comprehend anything out of His knowledge except what He pleases, His knowledge (throne) extends over the heavens and the earth, and the preservation of them both tires Him not, and He is the Most High, the Great.

(Surah Al – Baqarah, 2/255)

 

Adopt all precautionary measures to safeguard ones interests and thereafter hand all ones affairs to Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala). 

 

And Allah knows best.

Ismail Desai,
Durban, South Africa
Student Darul Iftaa 

Checked and Approved 
Mufti Ebrahim Desai

daruliftaa.net


 

By Ismail Ebrahim Desai

Darul Iftaa Student

Faculty of Jurisprudence & Islamic Verdicts

09 January 2013

 


Question:

Is it Haraam to say Ya Muhammed?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

In principle, if one says “Ya Rasool al-Allah or “Ya Muhammed” with the belief that Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) hears every sound, sees every action, etc, then it is impermissible and constitutes Shirk (polytheism).

If one believes that the words “Ya Rasullullah” or “Ya Muhammed” are being sent to Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) via the angels in the form of Durood and Salaam, then it is permissible for one to say such words.

However, if one utters such wordings out of extreme love for Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) without the incorrect belief that Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) listens to every word, sees us, etc, then it is merely Mubah (permissible) for one to utter such words.

Nevertheless, since many people have the incorrect belief that Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) is Hadhir and Nadhir (omnipresent), knower of the unseen or that Rasullullah (Sallalalhu Alayhi Wa Sallam) listens to one who pronounces the words “Ya Muhammed” or “Ya Rasullullah”, it is highly advisable that one refrains from uttering such words.[1]


  كفاية المفتي، ج 1، ص 166، الاشاعة، كراتشي، باكستان[

KHARWASTAN

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