Character & Morals

Knowledge of that which affects a person under all conditions holds a position similar to food, which obviously one can live without.  Knowledge of matters affecting a person only in certain occasions holds a position equivalent to medicine; it is only needed at stipulated times.  And knowledge of forbidden things is like a disease; it is harmful and brings no benefit.

 

  • Imam Abu Hanifah rahimahullah said, “The purpose of learning is to act by it, while the purpose of action is to abandon the fleeting life for what lasts forever.”

 

  • The treasure of good bounties lies on the peaks of calamities.  Knowledge is only gained by climbing such peaks.

 

  • Take night as a camel, you will reach your destination.  Use the nights wisely when in search of knowledge.

 

  • Your mind is your riding beast, so use it with  moderation.  Do not burn yourself out.  Have moderate breaks and refreshments when whilst studying.

 

  • Man flies with zeal and fervour like a bird flies with wings.

 

  • Imam Zahir ad-Din said, “The ignorant are dead before death, while the learned live even after death.”

 

  • “When one’s respect for knowledge after hearing it a 1,000 times isn’t equal to 1st time, he isn’t worthy of knowledge.”

 

  • Ibn Mas’ud Radiallahu anhu used to say, “I swear by Allah, whom there is no other deity, no chapter of the Quran was revealed except that I know where it was revealed.  No verse from the Quran has been revealed except that I know why it was revealed.  Yet if I knew anyone more learned than me in the Book of Allah, I would make every effort to reach him.”

 

  • Abu Darda Radiallahu anhu used to say, “If I were unable to explain a verse in the book of Allah and could not find anyone to explain it to me except a man in Bark al-Ghimaad, I would journey to him.” Bark al Ghimaad is the farthest corner ofYemen.
  •  If anyone was directed to a man in a distant land, he would be told, “That land is near for anyone concerned about his religion.”

 

  • When Muadh ibn Jabal Radiallahu anhu was in the last moments of his life, he cried saying, “I weep at how I will miss feeling thirst from the midday heat (from fasting), standing in prayer during the long winter nights and the crowds of students kneeling around the scholars in the circles of knowledge.”

 

  • Imam Ahmed relates from Anas Radiallahu anhu that the Prophet Salallahu alayhi wasallam said, “The similitude of the religious scholars on earth is that of the stars in the sky, by which people are guided through the darkness of the land and sea.  If the stars are extinguished, even the guides might stray.”        The religious scholars have been likened to the stars, which provide three benefits:  they guide the people through darkness; they adorn the sky; and they are missiles that repel shayateen who ascend the heavens.  The religious scholars possess three characteristics:  they guide through darkness; they adorn the earth; and they are missiles that repel shaytaan, who mix the truth with falsehood.

 

  • Hasan al Basri says, “knowledge is of two types: knowledge of the tongue, which is proof of Allah against the son of Adam, and knowledge of the heart, which is beneficial knowledge.”  When inner knowledge departs, outer knowledge remains on people’s tongues as proof against them.

 

  • Inner knowledge is that which touches the heart and instils fear, humility and awareness of Allah’s sublimity, love and yearning.  Outer knowledge is that which remains on the tongue having no effect on the heart.

 

  • Imam Ahmed said, “Religious knowledge is not an abundance of memorised texts.  Rather, knowledge is humility.”

 

  • Abdullah ibn Mubarak said, “Fear of Allah is sufficient knowledge, and being deceived concerning Allah is sufficient ignorance.”

 

  • Once Allahmah Ibn Sireen entered a mosque inBasra, and saw two gatherings, in one gathering, the stories of the pious were being related and in the other gathering, a jurist was lecturing.  He made dua to Allah Ta’ala as to which gathering he should join.  He fell asleep.  He had a vision in which he heard someone saying to him, “Do you think the two gatherings to be equal? If you wish I will show you that the seat of Jibraeel is in the circle of the jurist.”

 

Written By: Mufti Faraz al - Mahmudi

Question :

Sometimes when the Imām is not available at the Masjid, people often assign a person who trims his beard less than the required amount to lead the Salāt. In that situation, will the Salāt of the Muqtadees (followers) be valid? What are the consequences? Can I leave the Jamāt in pretext of my Wudū being broken and not offer the Salāt with Jamāt in this situation?

 

Answer :

 

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

If the appointed Imām who adheres to the Sunnah is not available, then such a person who adheres to the Sunnah should be appointed. If by any chance a Fāsiq (transgressor) person has been appointed as an Imām, the Salāh of the Muqtadees (followers) will still be valid. However, it is Makrooh (disliked) to appoint such a person as an Imām.[1] The issue should be discussed with the administration of the Masjid to appoint a suitable Imām in the absence of the official Imām.

It is not permissible for you to leave the Salāt in pretext of your Wudū being broken. You must offer the Salāt behind the Imām, regardless whether he is a Fāsiq or not to prevent causing any source of Fitnā inside the Masjid.[2]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mufti Abdul Hannan Nizami,

USA

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net



 [1] الدر المختار شرح تنوير الأبصار في فقه مذهب الإمام أبي حنيفة - (1 / 548)

    ويكره تقليد الفاسق

 

  المحيط البرهاني للإمام برهان الدين ابن مازة - (8 / 401)

   أن الأولى أن لا يقلد الفاسق

 

  الفقه الإسلامي وأدلته 004 - (1 / 35)

  ويكره تقليد الفاسق، ويعزل بالفسق إلا لفتنة

 

 [2]سنن أبي داود - (1 / 162

- حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ ، حَدَّثَنِي مُعَاوِيَةُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ ، عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ ، عَنْ مَكْحُولٍ ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ، قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم : الصَّلاَةُ الْمَكْتُوبَةُ وَاجِبَةٌ خَلْفَ كُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ بَرًّا كَانَ أَوْ فَاجِرًا وَإِنْ عَمِلَ الْكَبَائِرَ.

 

(Fatāwā Mahmoodiyah, 6/80, Idāratul Fārooqia)

By Mufti Ebrahim Desai

Ameer- Darul Iftaa

13 January 2013

 

Radiance of the Ulama Haqq

 

 

The real knowledge of Shari’ah which comprises primarily of Quran and the noble Ahadith of Rasulullah Sallallāhu Alayhi Wasallam is not only information contained in books. In fact, the real knowledge of Shari’ah is actually a noor (divine light) which enters the heart and spurs one to follow the dictates of Shari’ah. The various sources of information from the Quran and Ahadith etc are the means to attain the divine noor of Shari’ah which is inculcated in the heart by showing respect to the Shari’ah and various means of attaining the Shari’ah.

Allah says: “When the Qur’an is recited, listen to it and be quiet so that hopefully you will gain mercy.” (7: 204)

Knowledge of Shari’ah invokes the mercy of Allah. To attain that, it is important to display utmost respect by listening attentively to the discourses of Shari’ah and to maintain silence. If one attends a discourse of Shari’ah, for example, a tafseer or Hadeeth lesson, or tarbiyyah classes with a divided attention, for example eating or talking during the discourses, such a person will not secure the noor of that discourse. He may understand the overall message of the lesson but he will be deprived of the noor of that knowledge in his heart. This is because he did not show adab and respect to the discourses of Shari’ah. The consequences of which is the heart is not enlightened and not refreshed to practice on the information achieved in the discourses.

 

It is so painful to observe that when national anthems which contains Kufr with its various angles are read, a momentum of respect and honour is created. The participants display deep respect for their country and that attitude has an impact on the audience who even break down with emotions. After the anthem, a degree of reverence for the country and its people is created in the heart.

The Shari’ah is divine. It is from Allah. It is fardh to display respect to the discourses of Shari’ah. It is Haram to display any disrespect to the discourses of Shari’ah. It is disrespectful to Allah and His Rasul to conduct and observe lessons of Quran and Ahadith and general aspects of Shari’ah on mediums that are littered with various forms of filth and dirt. In one moment one is listening to a verse of the Quran prohibiting intermingling of the opposite genders-

“Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and guard their modesty. That is purer for them, verily Allah is All-Aware of what they do.” (24:30)

“Tell the believing women to lower their gaze and guard their private parts”(24:31)

and immediately after the discourse an unexpected add of a semi nude male/female appears with various unislamic conduct that diminishes the effect of the Shari’ah discourse. Furthermore, how can one attain the noor of Shari’ah when listening to the discourse while eating or drinking, the focus is on the meal rather than on the discourse? The attention to the discourse is subordinate and merely serves to be an entertainment. If one wants to really empower oneself in Shari’ah and inculcate the noor of Shari’ah, take out time and attend discourses of Shari’ah from Ulama-e-Haqq whose heart is filled with the noor of Shari’ah. That noor will travel in you to awaken the dead spirit and refresh you to be closer to Allah.

We observe that there are some people who have great amount of knowledge of Shari’ah. They are able to quote freely from the Quran and Ahadith. Yet their outward appearance does not resemble the Sunnah of Rasulullah Sallallāhu Alayhi Wasallam. There is no practical example of Shari’ah, for example they commit open violations of Shariah like intermingling of opposite genders or involvement in interest bearing transactions, they present explanations from Shari’ah to justify their Haram. The only reason for this is while they know the text of the Shari’ah, they do not have the noor of the Shariah in their hearts. It is the noor of Shari’ah that leads to Allah consciousness and adherence to the Sunnah. It is the noor of Shari’ah that leads a person to deep insight of Shari’ah. He understands the spirit of the texts and abides by them. He leads by example of Shari’ah and if he errs, he regrets it and makes tawba. He does not justify his wrong. When he preaches, his audience feels the noor of Shari’ah in their heart. They see the radiance of the divine noor on his face; his discourses jolt the people to transform their lives.

People with real knowledge don’t pretend to be sincere. They do not put up shows to impress people. Allah puts in the heart of sincere people to believe and respect true Ulama and follow them.

Ulama -e-Haqq do not pursue pomp and show and they may not be popular like some presenters. If you want to benefit from the Ulama-e-Haqq, take out the time and search for them like how you would search for a precious pearl.

 (In response to a query received regarding etiquette’s of acquiring Shari’ah through various social media networks)

 

KHARWASTAN

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